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Ophthalmology Mnemonics

Ophthalmology Mnemonics

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Published by: Raouf Ra'fat Soliman on May 31, 2012
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04/06/2014

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Mnemonics of Ophthalmology
In this section we tried to gather all the mnemonics oophthalmology,which we think will be of great benefit for our readersspecially the students of Ophthalmology.However the database is now atits infancy.So,if you have any mnemonics on ophthalmology,told by yourteacher,friends ,please send it to us'
Remember Keratoconus with the help of CONES:
C
entral scarring & Fleischer ring
O
il drop reflex / Oedema (hydrops)
N
erves prominent
E
xcessive bulging of lower lid on downgaze (Munson’s sign)
S
triae (Vogt’s)
Remember Iridocorneal Endothelial Syndrome withICE
I
ris Naevus
C
handler Syndrome
E
ssential Iris Atrophy
Remember Behcet's Disease with the help of ORAL UPSET
O
cclusive periphlebitis
etinitis
A
nterior uveitis
L
eakage from retinal vessels
U
lceration (aphthous/genital)
P
ustules after skin trauma (Pathergy test)
S
cratching leaves lines (dermatographism)
E
rythema nodosum
T
hrombophlebitis
Remember posterior scleritis withPOST SCLER 
P
roptosis
O
phthalmoplegia
S
welling of disc
T
hickening of sclera (US/CT) & T sign (fluid in sub-Tenon’s space)
S
ubretinal exudates
C
horoidal foLds
E
xudative RD
ing choroidal detachment
Remember causes of Choroidal neovascular membrane withHAMMAR 
H
istoplasmosis
 A
RMD
M
ultifocal Choroiditis
M
yopia
A
ngiod
upture of the choroid
Remember the causes of trabecular pigmentation with
PIGMENT
P
seudoexfoliation & Pigment dispersion syndrome
 I
ritis
G
laucoma (Post angle closure Glaucoma)
 
M
elanosis of angle (oculodermal melanosis)
E
ndocrine (Diabetes & Addison’s Syndrome)
N
aevus (Cogan-reese syndrome)
T
rauma
Remember sterilization in ophthalmology with
ABCDEFG
A
UTOCLAVE
 B
OILING
C
HEMICALS like Alcohol (Rectified spirit), Isopropyl alcohol/CIDEX: 2%Glutaraldehyde
D
RY HEAT temperature of 150°C is used for 90 minutes
E
THYLENE OXIDE for sterilization of IOL etc.
F
UMIGATION of operation theatre/ FORMALIN vapour
G
AMMA-IRRADIATION: Gamma rays from Cobalt-60
Remember the ocular structures derived from neuroectodermwith
MORE
M
uscles of pupil
 O
ptic Nerve
etina (with RPE)
E
pithelium of Iris
E
pithelium of Cilliary Body
Remember the structures derived from surface ectoderm with
S1L2E3
S
kin of Eyelids and its derivatives viz. cilia, tarsal glands, conjunctival
 
gland
L
ens,
L
acrimal Gland,
E
pithelium of Conjunctiva,
E
pithelium of Cornea,
E
pithelium of lacrimal passage
Remember Stromal dystrophies with
Marilyn Monroe Always GetsHer Man in LA City.
M
acular dystrophy
 M
ucopolysaccharide
A
lcian blue
G
ranular Dystrophy
H
yaline material
M
asson's Trichrome
L
attice Dystrophy
A
myloid
C
ongo Red
Remember the drugs causing cataract with
ABCD
A
miodarone
B
usulphan
C
hlorpromazine
D
examethasone
Remember the causes of Uniocular diplopia as
ABCD
 
A
stigmatism
 B
ehavioral: psychogenic
C
ataract
D
islocated lens
Remember microtropia with
3 A
A
nisometropia
 
A
ngle small
A
bsent central field (Central suppression scotoma)
 Remember the refractive indices of ocular media with
8303 (from anteriorto posterior)cornea 1.3
8
aq humour 1.3
3
lens 1.4
0
vit humour 1.3
3Remember the types of colour blindness with
TuB PaR DoG
T
RITOANOPES =
B
LUE
P
ROTOANOPES =
ED
D
EUTROANOPES=
G
REEN
Remember the causes of lid retraction with
4 MP
4M
=
M
yasthenia Gravis,
M
arcus Gunn jaw winkling syndrome,
M
yotonic causeslike dystrophica myotonica.
M
etabolic cuses like uraemia,cirrhosis
4P
=
P
erinauds syndrome,
P
arkinson's Disease/
P
rogressive supranuclearpalsy,
P
tosis of other eye,
P
alsy (aberrant III crnaial nerve regeneration)
Remember content & veins draining the Cavernous Sinus withRule of 33 Afferent veins:
Sphenoparietal sinus (Vault veins), Supf Middle cerebral Vein(Brain), Ophthalmic vein (Orbit)
3 Efferent Veins:
Superior petrosal sinus, Inferior Petrosal Sinus,Communicating vein to pterygoid plexus
3 Contents;
Cranial Nerves (III,IV, V1,V2 & VI)
3 Areas Drain into it:
Vault Bones, Brain (Cerebral Hemisphere), Orbit
3 Nerves:
Motor(III,IV,VI),Sensory (V1,V2), Sympathetic
Remember the causes of pseudo tumor cerebri with
" Idiopathic IDEA"
I
diopathic

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