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Topic Report: Open Data in Cultural Heritage Institutions

Topic Report: Open Data in Cultural Heritage Institutions

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Published by ePSI Platform
TR on the digitalisation of cultural heritage material in Europe, and its re-use.
TR on the digitalisation of cultural heritage material in Europe, and its re-use.

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Published by: ePSI Platform on May 31, 2012
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OpenDatainCulturalHeritageInstitutions
 
ePSIplatform Topic Report No: 2012 / 04 April 2012 Page 1
 
EuropeanPublicSectorInformationPlatformTopicReportNo.2012/04
 
OpenDatainCulturalHeritageInstitutions
 
Authors:DanielDietrichandJorisPekelPublished:April2012
 
OpenDatainCulturalHeritageInstitutions
 
ePSIplatform Topic Report No: 2012 / 04 April 2012 Page 2
Keywords
OpenData,CulturalHeritage,PublicSector,PSI,PSIDirective,Culture,re-use,Digitalisation,CultureInstitutions,Libraries,Archives,Museums
 
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ExecutiveSummary
ThistopicreportisaboutthedigitalisationofculturalheritageinEuropeandtheregulationsandconditionsofitsre-use.Thereportdiscussesrelevantresearchundertakenoverthelastfewyearsregardingthechallengesandbenefitsofmakingdigitalculturalheritageinformationavailableforre-use.ItreviewsthedevelopmentofthelegalframeworkandhighlightstheargumentsproandcontratheproposedamendmentofthePSIDirectivetoextendthescopeoftheDirectivetoincludeCulturalHeritageInstitutions.However,thereviewofthePSIDirectiveisanon-goingprocessandthusthetopicreportwillnotconcludeinanyrecommendationsregardingtheproposedamendmentofthePSIDirective.Thereportinsteadshowcasesthelatestdevelopmentsandexamplesofre-useandexplorepotentialbusinessmodelsbasedonthere-useofculturalheritageinformation.
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Introduction
SincetheadoptionoftheEUDirective2003/98/EC
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onthere-useofpublicsectorinformationin2003,therehasbeendebateontheprosandconsofextendingthescopeoftheDirectivetoincludeInformationfromCulturalInstitutions.WiththeproposedamendmentoftheDirective,announcedinDecember2011bytheEuropeanCommissionaspartoftheOpenDataStrategy
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,thisdebatehasnowcometoacriticaljuncture.TheEuropeanCommissionhasmadeclearitspositioninfavouroftheextensionofthescope,whilesomeEUMemberStates’GovernmentsandsomeCulturalInstitutionshaveexpressedtheirconcerns.Atthetimeofwriting,thepictureisstillfragmented.
 
In2009,RobDaviespublishedthetopicreport“PSIintheCulturalSector”
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ontheePSIplatform.InthereporthedescribedthecurrentstatusquoofdigitalculturalheritageintheEuropeanUnionandwhattheconsequenceswouldbeifculturalheritageinstitutionswouldfallunderthePSIDirective.Since2009,muchhashappenedinthisfield.Althoughthetopicreportof2009isstillveryrelevanttoday,thiscurrenttopicreportaimstoprovideanupdatedviewofthesituationofdigitalculturalheritagefield.Thedigitalisationofculturalheritagehassignificantlypickedupbothintermsofspeedandvolume.AtthesametimeEuropeana,theEuropeanUnion'sculturalheritageportalinitiatedinNovember2008,hasbecomemoreimportantthananyonecouldhaveexpectedattheoutset.AlmostallculturalheritageinstitutionsacknowledgetheimportanceofpublishingtheirmetadatatoEuropeana.WiththeproposedamendmentofthePSI
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http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/policy/psi/docs/pdfs/directive/psi_directive_en.pdf
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http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/11/1524&format=HTML
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http://epsiplatform.eu/content/topic-report-no-4-psi-cultural-sector
 
OpenDatainCulturalHeritageInstitutions
 
ePSIplatform Topic Report No: 2012 / 04 April 2012 Page 3
DirectivetheEuropeanCommissionhasmadeaclearpointtoextendthescopeoftheDirectivetoincludedigitisedinformationfromCulturalHeritageInstitutions.Onthedemandsideculturalinformationisseenashavingahighre-usevaluebytheprivatesector.Forexamplethetourismindustryhighlydependsonhavingaccesstoculturalinformationinordertodeveloptheirservices.OnetheotherhandtherearestillconcernsandobjectionsagainsttheideaofculturalinstitutionsfallingunderthePSIdirectivebothfromnationalgovernmentsandfromculturalinstitutionsthemselves.Theseconcernsaremainlythefearoflosingasourceofincomeandtheconcernsofcostsinherenttotheclearanceofintellectualpropertyrightsofthirdpartiesarisingfromthedigitalisationprocess.
 
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CulturalHeritage
Culturalheritageisthelegacyofphysicalartefacts(culturalproperty)andintangibleattributesofsocietythatareinheritedfrompastgenerations,maintainedinthepresentandbestowedforthebenefitoffuturegenerations.Culturalheritageincludestangibleculture(suchasbuildings,monuments,landscapes,books,worksofart,andartefacts),intangibleculture(suchasfolklore,traditions,language,andknowledge),andnaturalheritage(includingculturally-significantlandscapes,andbiodiversity).Thistopicreportfocusesontangiblecultureanditsdigitalisation.
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CulturalHeritageInstitutions&thepublictask
Thepublictaskofculturalheritageinstitutionscoveramongstotherissuesthepreservation,conservationandcommunicatingculturalheritage.Thekeepingofculturalheritagefromthepastorpresentforthefutureisknownaspreservationorconservation.Whilethisisasignificanttaskofculturalheritageinstitutionssuchaslibraries,archivesandmuseums,providingthegeneralpublicwithaccesstotheobjectsandcollectionstheypreserveisalsoofgreatimportance.PublishingdigitisedculturalheritageinformationandmetadataabouttheactualobjectsontheInternetavailableforeverybodytore-usecanplayasignificantrolemakingculturalheritagemoreaccessible.
5
 
CulturalHeritageInformation&PSI
Theconceptof“publictask”
4
isacrucialelementofthePSIDirective.ItestablishesthedemarcationlineindicatingwherethePSIDirectiveapplies.ThestartingpointofthePSIDirectiveisthenotionthatpublicsectorbodies(PSBs)havebeenestablishedprincipallytoperformapublictask,whichistheraisond’êtreforthepublicsector.Intheprocessof
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http://epsiplatform.eu/content/what-public-task

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