Table 2. Characteristics of water generated from seafood plants in Vietnam .Parameters AverageExceed the Vietnam technicalregulation on water quality (%)Temperature (
29.80 -pH 5.69
9.06 3.85TSS (mg/l) 4
2,684.20 12T-N (mg/l) - 87T-P (mg/l) 13.40 88COD (mg/l) 300
Environmental survey at 52 water samples of 26 plants.
In 2005, Vietnam published the environmental law (such as National technical regulationon water quality) that enforces the treatment of sewage before discharging into
environment. Decision No. 64/2003/QĐ
-TTg of Prime Minister about the plan of
polluted plant’s treatment, requires seafood companies to reduce the generation of large
amounts of fish waste.Therefore, there is an urgent requirement for efficient treatment to remove the organicload from the fish waste.
Vietnam is a big country for fisheries sector and fish products. Although this field can
contribute the huge amount of money for nation’s development, fish waste is generated
and has bad affect to the received environment. Some regulation have been in action inorder to force the fish processing companies to treat waste before discharging, otherwise,these companies have to close. Thus, the need of finding effective way to solve fish wastegenerated from processing.Recently, biological treatment is one of the most widely used methods for partial orcomplete mineralization of biologically degradable substances in both wastewaters andwastes. Biodegradation is considered to be the most suitable alternative to treat fisherieswaste and realize a market for such a waste as fertilizer.