The IISD presentation will address two key topics, oil sands developments and establishing markets forrenewable energy generation. Canada is one of the largest exporters of oil to the US, conventional oilproduction is in decline and the Alberta oil sands is reported to have established reserves of 177 billionbarrels, one of the largest established reserves of oil in the world. Canadian exports of oil to the US, theincreasing role of the Alberta oil sands in exports, the challenges associated with developing the oil sandsand the greening opportunities through examples of sustainable development in action will be addressed. Alberta's experience with developing markets for electricity generated from renewable sources from 1988to the present and the impacts of voluntary actions, incentives and regulatory initiatives will be reviewed.
President, Alliance to Save Energy
Kateri Callahan, president of the Alliance to Save Energy since January 2004, brings 20 years of experience in policyadvocacy, fundraising, coalition-building, and organizational management. Callahan leads a staff of more than 50and oversees an annual $8 million budget supporting energy efficiency programs and projects in the U.S. and onfive continents. Before joining the Alliance, Callahan served for 11 years as president of the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), a Washington-based international coalition promoting development anddeployment of battery, hybrid, and fuel cell electric vehicles. Callahan has a B.A. in Political Science from theUniversity of Louisville.
Energy Efficiency in the U.S.: Our Greatest Energy Resource
Energy efficiency has proven over the past thirty years to be the United States’ quickest, cleanest andcheapest “resource” for meeting growing energy demand. Energy efficiency and conservationimprovements since 1973 reduced US energy use by 40%. Without these savings, the United States’ (andthe world’s) energy security now would be even more tenuous, with more pipelines, more power plants,more reliance on oil from hostile regions, more upward pressure on energy prices, and greaterenvironmental degradation. Ms. Callahan’s presentation will include a discussion of how the UnitedStates, through government policies, technology innovation and market transformation activities hasdeployed energy efficiency as an effective resource.In the coming decades, the projected growth in energy demand in the U.S. and North America requiregovernment and industry to do more to assure that increased growth is met through an effective mix of resources, including reliance on energy efficiency as the cheapest, cleanest and most readily availableresource. Battles over land management and pipeline right of ways will increasingly hamper domesticpetroleum and gas production in the U.S. And, our ability to continue use of our most plentifulconventional energy source -- coal -- could hinge on finding ways to do so without further greenhouse gasemissions. The notion of electricity “too cheap to meter” is no longer even uttered; and, the hydrogeneconomy, by even the most optimistic proponents, is projected to be decades away.The presentation will posit the thesis that the only way forward is an energy policy that placesmanagement of energy demand at the forefront. All the tools will be needed, including externalitypricing, minimum energy performance standards for buildings and equipment, government-incentivesfor research and development and purchase of high-efficiency products, and increased consumerawareness and education. Ms. Callahan’s presentation will include a discussion of measures that areunder consideration at the state and federal levels in the U.S. to advance energy efficiency, and also willtalk about the strategic alliances that are necessary to achieve a meaningful and sustainable nationalenergy policy in the U.S.
Forging North American Energy Security