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Topic Report: Open Aid Data

Topic Report: Open Aid Data

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Published by ePSI Platform
Open data and international aid.
Open data and international aid.

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Published by: ePSI Platform on May 31, 2012
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01/09/2014

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Keywords
OpenData,AidData,DevelopmentAid,Transparency,AidEffectiveness,Accountability
 
EuropeanPublicSectorInformationPlatformTopicReportNo.2012/02
 
OpenDatainDevelopmentAid
 
Author:DanielDietrichPublished:March2012
 
StateofPlay:Re-useofTransportData
 
ePSIplatform Topic Report No: 2012 / 02 March 2012 Page 2
Abstract
Thistopicreportfocusesonthequestionofhowimprovedaccesstoandanalysisofdatacanhelpincreasetransparency,accountabilityandeffectivenessindevelopmentaidanddevelopmentco-operation.Developmentaidandco-operationisacomplexissueandsubjecttomultiplein-depthstudiesandresearch.Thistopicreportcannotprovideacomprehensiveoverviewonthestateofplayinaidingeneral.Norcanthetopicreportprovideevidenceonthepolitical,economical,culturalandoverallsocietalimpactofaid.Thistopicreportfocusesontherolethatdataandcomputingtechnologycanplaytoimproveanalysismethodsandthusimproveourunderstandingofhowaidcanbemademoreeffective.Atthebeginningofthe21stcenturyithasbecomeapparentthatpromotingwidespreadandsustainabledevelopmentisnotonlydependentontheamountofaidgiven,butalso
onhow
aidisgiven.Thereisabroadconsensuswithintheinternationalcommunitythatmerelyraisingthequantityofaidisnotenoughbutthatthequalityhastoimprove.ThisiswhatiscalledAidEffectivenessandrelies,amongstotherfactors,onincreasingtransparencyandaccountabilityinaid.Theopeningofaiddatahasthepotentialtoincreasetransparencyandaccountabilitybutalsocreatenovelwaysofcombiningdata.Accesstomoreandmoreeasilycomparabledatacanleadtobetterimpactanalysestounderstandtheeffectsofaid,tomoretargetedandefficientinterventions,moreopennessandaccountability.Newtechnologiesandmethodssuchasgeocodingallowforthecreativecombinationofdatasets.Furthermore,creativeuseofopendatacanincreaseengagedpublicparticipationindevelopmentaiddebates,beitindonororrecipientcountries,thusincreasingitslegitimacyand,potentially,bettertargeting.TheWorldBankandtheOECDhaveplayedapioneerrolewiththeirrecentreleaseofvastamountsofdata
1
thatnow,forthefirsttimeinhistory,canbeanalysedandcontextualisedwithotherdatasetssuchasstatisticaldataandindicatorsoftrade,economicgrowth,health,orenvironmentaldata.Donorandrecipientgovernmentsandcivilsocietyactorshaveundertakenadditionaleffortsacrosstheworld.Effortsarealsounderwaytobringdifferentapproachestogethertoensurecompatibility.Thepotentialswhichlieintheanalysisofthisdatahavetodatenotyetbeenfullyexplored.Inmanyways,wehaveonlyseenthetipoftheiceberg.
1
http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog
 
StateofPlay:Re-useofTransportData
 
ePSIplatform Topic Report No: 2012 / 02 March 2012 Page 3
Contents
1
ExecutiveSummary3
2
Introduction4
3
HistoricalContext6
4
EffectivenessandTransparencyinAid6
5
OpenDataforTransparencyandEffectivenessinAid9
6
CurrentInitiatives10
InternationalAidTransparencyInitiative(IATI)11
CostBenefitAnalysisforIATI11
IATIandNGOs12
AidInfosIATIToolkit13
WorldBankOpenDataInitiative13
OECD-DACInternationalDevelopmentStatisticsDatabase14
DonorGovernments16
Non-GovernmentalDonors16
RecipientCountries1
Non-GovernmentalOrganisations18
Otheractivities:Conferences&Hackathons18
NewTools:GeocodingAidData19
7
Conclusion20
 Appendix21
1
 
ExecutiveSummary
Thistopicreportfocusesonthequestionofhowimprovedaccesstoandanalysisofdatacanhelpincreasetransparency,accountabilityandeffectivenessindevelopmentaidanddevelopmentco-operation.Developmentaidandco-operationisacomplexissueandsubjecttomultiplein-depthstudiesandresearch.Thistopicreportcannotprovideacomprehensiveoverviewonthestateofplayinaidingeneral.Norcanthetopicreportprovideevidenceonthepolitical,economical,culturalandoverallsocietalimpactofaid.Thistopicreportfocusesontherolethatdataandcomputingtechnologycanplaytoimproveanalysismethodsandthusimproveourunderstandingofhowaidcanbemademoreeffective.Atthebeginningofthe21stcenturyithasbecomeapparentthatpromotingwidespreadandsustainabledevelopmentisnotonlydependentontheamountofaidgiven,butalso
onhow
aidisgiven.Thereisabroadconsensuswithintheinternationalcommunitythatmerelyraisingthequantityofaidisnotenoughbutthatthequalityhastoimprove.ThisiswhatiscalledAidEffectivenessandrelies,amongstotherfactors,onincreasing

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