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Fisiologi Sistem Integument

Fisiologi Sistem Integument

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Published by alin_guntara

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Published by: alin_guntara on Jun 01, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/29/2012

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By Galih Jatnika
1
 
Largest organ (15% of body weight)
Surface area of 1.5-2 m
2
Composed of 2 layers
Epidermis - keratinized stratified squamousepithelium
Dermis - connective tissue layer
Hypodermis - lies beneath skin
Thickness variable, normally 1-2 mm
dermis may thicken, up to 6 mm
2
 
Protection against trauma, fluid loss, chemicalattack, ultraviolet light, and infection
packed with keratin and linked by desmosomes
acid mantle (pH 4-6) - keeps bacteria in check
Sensory receptor - detects touch, pressure,pain, temperature stimuli
Maintenance of normal body temperature
through insulation or evaporative cooling, asneeded
Synthesis of vitamin D3; converted to
calcitriol, a hormone important to maintaining
Ca
++
balance
Excretion of salts, water, organic wastes
Nonverbal communication - facial expressions
3

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