In the context of security, is understood to mean the art of manipulating peopleinto performing actions or divulging confidential information.
While it is similar to aconfidence trick or simple fraud, it is typically trickery or deception for the purpose of information gathering, fraud, or computer system access; in most cases the attacker nevercomes face-to-face with the victims. "Social engineering" as an act of psychologicalmanipulation had previously been associated with the social sciences, but its usage hascaught on among computer professionals.
Surveillance is the monitoring of the behavior, activities, or other changinginformation, usually of people for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing, orprotecting. Surveillance is therefore an ambiguous practice, sometimes creating positiveeffects, at other times negative. It is sometimes done in a surreptitious manner. It mostusually refers to observation of individuals or groups by government organizations, butdisease surveillance, for example, is monitoring the progress of a disease in a community.