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America and the Mexican Drug War

America and the Mexican Drug War

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Published by alejandrocolon
How America should help to end drug violence in Mexico?
How America should help to end drug violence in Mexico?

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: alejandrocolon on Jun 01, 2012
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06/01/2012

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AmericaandtheMexicanDrugWarQuestion:HowAmericashouldhelptoenddrugviolenceinMexico?Thesis:Mexicohascultivatedopiumpoppysincebeforethe1900'sandhasbeenanimportanttransitrouteforSouthAmericancocainefordecades.However,onlyrecentlyhasdruguse,particularlyinjectiondruguse,beendocumentedasanimportantproblem.[12]Mexico'srulingpartyisengagedinaninternalgangwar.[13]Mexico'spoliticalsystemhas,sincethe1920s,deliberatelyensuredthatthearmyisuseless.Thereisatremendousconsensusinthecountryonthismatter.[14]LosZetasisoneofthemostpowerfulandviolentcartelsinMexico.StartedbyagroupofformermilitarycommandosandledbyHeriberto"ElLazca"LazcanoLazcano,LosZetasgainedareputationasruthlessenforcersandforgedrelationshipswithothercartels.[5]Longasmorphinetodetermine.Everyconsumerpatientshouldalwayspeopleremainrelativelypainrellievingmedicationssuch.[6]LosZetashaveprovedwillingtoapplytheirsignaturebrutalityagainstciviliansandrivalsalikeinGuatemala.WhiletheGuatemalanswouldbeoperatingontheirownterritoryandhavetheirownsignificantpowerbases,theyareneithertechnologicallyadvancednorwealthynorunifiedenoughtotacklethechallengeposedbyheavilyarmed,well-fundedZetas.[7]LawenforcementofficialsalsoreportedthepresenceofMexicanDTOsin66additionalcitiesbutdidnotidentifyanaffiliationwithaprincipalMexicandrugcartel.[12]LawEnforcementandgovernmentofficeswouldbeeasytargetsforsuchaweapon.Malls,schoolsandotherplaceswherepeoplegatheredcouldbecometargetsforsuchruthlesskillersasthosewhoareinvolvedintheDrugCartels.[13]Internationalcooperationandinternationallawenforcementcooperationareessentialtoaddresstheproblem.Oneproposalisforaninternationalagreementthatnocountrymayuseitssovereigntytoharborcriminals.[6]Cooperationwithothergovernmentsandtheirlawenforcementapparatusisoneprescription;anotheristheinternalmobilizationofthepublictocreateaproblem-solvingstrategythatneitherthepolicenorthepubliccanproducebythemselves.[10]UnfortunatelywehaveacultureofcrimeinMexico.Thedruglordsareidolizedbytheyouth.[14]Besides,thesenumberspaleincomparisonwiththefundstheUnitedStatessuppliestoMexico'sbadguys.Throughbanktransfers,moneywiring,andevenGreyhoundbus,thecashisamassedatthesouthernborder,thenputintocarsandtrucks,andshippedsouth--withoutaglancefromU.S.[15]Arrestsofkeycartelleaders,particularlyintheTijuanaandGulfcartels,haveledtoincreasingdrugviolenceascartelsfightforcontrolofthetraffickingroutesintotheUnitedStates.[16]Mexico'sborderareashavebecomelawlesswastelandscontrolledlargelybythedrugcartels,andthedisorderisrapidlyspreadingintotheinterior.[4]Mexicohashistoricallybeenhighlyaversetoallowingaforeignforcetofightonitssoil,expertssaid.TheideaofTeamAmericaswoopingintoitssovereignneighborisoffensivetomanyMexicans.[1]MexicoisamajorsupplierofherointotheU.S.Mexicanproductionofallthreeofthesedrugshasincreasedsince2005,ashastheamountofdrugsseizedatthesouthwestborder,accordingtotheU.S.[2]Mexico'splantomovetoanaccusatorysystemmayhelpinthisregardaswellasindevelopingafocusonthesuccessofvariousstrategiesagainstcrime.[3][6]https://www.ncjrs.gov/app/publications/abstract.aspx?id=184597[7]http://www.cas.sc.edu/socy/faculty/deflem/zaminpo.htm[8]http://www.ncjrs.gov/app/abstractdb/abstractdbdetails.aspx?id=196439[10]http://ccj.sagepub.com/content/15/4/328.short[11]http://www.tni.org/archives/drugs-docs_williams1[4]http://drtomoconnor.com/4200/4200lect01.htm[1]http://www.cnn.com/2012/01/15/world/mexico-drug-war-essay/index.html[2]http://www.cfr.org/mexico/mexicos-drug-war/p13689[3]http://www.law.harvard.edu/news/spotlight/criminal-law/hls-conference-focuses-on-mexican-drug-cartels.html[12]http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/s0376871605000840[13]http://www.carlisle.army.mil/usawc/parameters/articles/1995/peters2.htm[14]http://www.cato.org/publications/economic-development-bulletin/mexicos-fail

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