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System Administration

System Administration

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Published by ofrq

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Published by: ofrq on Jun 01, 2012
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11/27/2012

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 System Administration Made Easy 1
 –1
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Overview..................................................................................................................1
 –2Roles of an R/3 System Administrator .................................................................1–2Traits of an R/3 System Administrator .................................................................1–4R/3 System Guidelines...........................................................................................1–4Corollaries to Murphy’s Law................................................................................1–13Special Definitions................................................................................................1–14
 
Chapter 1: R/3 System Administration BasicsOverviewRelease 4.6A/B
 
1
 –2
 
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This chapter is about the roles that a system administrator plays. These roles cross allfunctional areas, and the number and intensity of the tasks depends on the size of thecompany. In a small company, one person can be the entire system administrationdepartment. In a larger company, however, this person is probably part of a team. The
purpose of this “definition” is to help clarify the roles of a system administrator. Thischapter is a list of commonly used system administration terms and their definitions.At the end of this chapter is a list of 14 R/3 System guidelines, which a system administratormust be aware of while working with the system.Sample guidelines include:
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Keep it short and simple (KISS)
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Use checklists
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Do not allow direct database access
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Depending on the size of the company and available resources, R/3 administrator(s) mayrange from one person to several specialized people in several departments.Factors that affect an R/3 system administrator’s tasks, staffing, and roles:
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Company size
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Available resources (the size of the Basis group)
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Availability of infrastructure support for:
Desktop support
Database
Network 
FacilitiesThe R/3 system administrator may wear many hats both in or directly related to, R/3 andindirectly or external to R/3.
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User administratorSet up and maintain user accounts
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Security administrator
Create and maintain SAP security profiles
Monitor and manage security access and violations
 
Chapter 1: R/3 System Administration BasicsRoles of an R/3 System AdministratorSystem Administration Made Easy1
 –3
 
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System administrator
Maintain the system’s health
Monitor system performance and logs
<
Transport administrator
Transport changes between systems
Manage change requests
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Batch schedulerCreate and manage the scheduling of batch jobs
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Backup operatorSchedule, run, and monitor backup jobs of the SAP database and any required operatingsystem level files
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Disaster recovery technical managerCreate, test, and execute the SAP disaster recovery plan
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ProgrammerApply SAPNet R/3 note fixes to programs
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Data Dictionary (DDIC) managerChange the Data Dictionary (when applicable)
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Data Base Administrator (DBA)
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DBA for the specific database on which the system is running
Manage database specific tasks
Maintain the database’s health and integrity
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Operating system administrator
Manage the operating system access and user IDs
Manage operating system specific tasks
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Network administrator
Manage network access and user IDs
Manage network support and maintenance
<
Server administratorManage the servers
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Desktop supportSupports the user’s desktop PC
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Printers
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FacilitiesManages facilities-related support issues, such as:
Power/utilities
Air conditioning (cooling)

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