Directive 94/9/EC – ATEX 95
DIRECTIVES, STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS
Directive 1999/92/EC – ATEX 137
International IECEx scheme
IECEx international certification scheme
Scheme participation levels
How the system will work during transition
Complying with additional requirements
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES
The hazard triangle
Characteristics of gases and vapours
Gas explosion protection concepts for electrical equipment
Selection of electrical apparatus
Protection against dangerous incendive sparking
Additional requirements for flameproof enclosures 'd'
Additional requirements for increased safety 'e'
Inspection and maintenance
Regular periodic inspections
Continuous supervsion by skilled personnel
Definitions and dust characteristics
Directives and standards relevant to dust
Definitions of zones
Grades of release, extent of zones, housekeeping
Dust explosion protection measures
Protection by enclosures – 'tD'
Protection by pressurisation – 'pD'
Protection by encapsulation – 'mD'
Protection by intrinsic safety – 'iD'
Other protection concepts
Selection of apparatus
Regulations in North America
Hazardous (classified) locations
EXPLOSION PROTECTION IN NORTH AMERICA
Class I, zone 0, 1 and 2 locations
Markings for IEC-based zone certification
Definitions and abbreviations
EC Declaration of Conformity
Ingress and impact protection for enclosures
Terminal content using the 'Defined arrangement method'
Inspection schedules for gas atmospheres
Inspection schedule for combustible dusts
UL/NEMA type designations for enclosures
Explosion protection methods according to NEC
Harmonised standards for ATEX 95
Construction regulations for North America