UNIT 1Fabrication Process
Layout is designed from a point of view where the designer is looking down onto thelayout. This is the best way to design layout, but it does make visualizing the physicaldevice rather difficult.This layout is slightly strange, but is still perfectly valid. The horizontal line will act asthe reference for the cross sectional view. A cross sectional view is what the layoutwould look like if it were cut along the line, and the edge of the cut was examined.The exact process steps change dramatically from one fab to another. However, they allfollow the same basic idea. Layout designers don't need to know the exact details, just ageneral idea of how a chip is made. The specific details is the job of the processengineers.