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Hariyanto-Kualitas Elemen Arsitektur

Hariyanto-Kualitas Elemen Arsitektur

Ratings: (0)|Views: 276 |Likes:
Published by gunteitb
KUALITAS ELEMEN ARSITEKTUR SEBAGAI PENUNJANG KEMUDAHAN WAYFINDING DAN ORIENTASI

Agus Dwi Hariyanto1, Gunawan Tanuwidjaja2, Rebecca Milka Natalia Basuki 3
1,2Jurusan Arsitektur, 3Jurusan DKV, Universitas Kristen Petra
adwi@peter.petra.ac.id

Abstract
An important parameter of Emphatic Architectural Design is the easiness for wayfinding. The research rationale is to test whether Wayfinding and Orientation System of P Building Petra Christian University was optimum and what architectural elements did support it. Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) (Friedman, Zimring, and Zube, 1978) and Visual Research (Sanoff, H., 1991) methods were used for finding the difficulties and related wayfinding elements. One hundred and seventy six of Architecture and Graphic Design students were selected. The sample consisted of First and Third-Year Students. P Building Petra was found possessing some architectural and graphic-related wayfinding difficulties. On the other hand, it had several Landmarks and Nodes that were legible and distinctive. On the other hand, some Pathway, Node, and Zoning were less distinctive. Therefore, to achieve more sustainable design an Integrated Wayfinding and Orientation System needed.
Keyword: Architectural Elements, Wayfinding and Orientation System

Abstrak
Salah satu parameter desain Arsitektur yang Berempati ialah memberikan kemudahan bagi pengguna untuk menemukan tujuan (wayfinding) dan berorientasi di dalam bangunan. Tujuan riset ini ialah menguji apakah Sistem Wayfinding dan Orientasi di Gedung P Universitas Kristen Petra sudah berfungsi optimal dengan elemen-elemen arsitektur yang menunjangnya. Metode Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) (Friedman, Zimring, and Zube, 1978) dan Metode Visual Research (Sanoff, H., 1991) digunakan untuk menemukan kesulitan kesulitan wayfinding dan elemen – elemen wayfinding terkait. Seratus tujuh puluh enam responden dari mahasiswa Jurusan Arsitektur dan Desain Komunikasi Visual (DKV) dipilih untuk mengikuti riset ini. Sampel ini terbagi atas Mahasiswa Tahun I dan III. Ditemukan terdapat kesulitan menemukan jalan di Gedung P UK Petra karena aspek arsitektural dan grafis. Tetapi di sisi lain, Gedung P ini memiliki beberapa Landmark dan Node yang mudah diingat dan memiliki ciri khas sedangkan Pathway, Node, dan Zoning dinilai kurang memiliki kekhasan. Untuk mencapai desain bangunan yang berempati pada pengguna perlu dirancang Sistem Wayfinding dan Orientasi yang terintegrasi.
Kata Kunci: Elemen Arsitektur, Sistem Wayfinding dan Orientasi
KUALITAS ELEMEN ARSITEKTUR SEBAGAI PENUNJANG KEMUDAHAN WAYFINDING DAN ORIENTASI

Agus Dwi Hariyanto1, Gunawan Tanuwidjaja2, Rebecca Milka Natalia Basuki 3
1,2Jurusan Arsitektur, 3Jurusan DKV, Universitas Kristen Petra
adwi@peter.petra.ac.id

Abstract
An important parameter of Emphatic Architectural Design is the easiness for wayfinding. The research rationale is to test whether Wayfinding and Orientation System of P Building Petra Christian University was optimum and what architectural elements did support it. Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) (Friedman, Zimring, and Zube, 1978) and Visual Research (Sanoff, H., 1991) methods were used for finding the difficulties and related wayfinding elements. One hundred and seventy six of Architecture and Graphic Design students were selected. The sample consisted of First and Third-Year Students. P Building Petra was found possessing some architectural and graphic-related wayfinding difficulties. On the other hand, it had several Landmarks and Nodes that were legible and distinctive. On the other hand, some Pathway, Node, and Zoning were less distinctive. Therefore, to achieve more sustainable design an Integrated Wayfinding and Orientation System needed.
Keyword: Architectural Elements, Wayfinding and Orientation System

Abstrak
Salah satu parameter desain Arsitektur yang Berempati ialah memberikan kemudahan bagi pengguna untuk menemukan tujuan (wayfinding) dan berorientasi di dalam bangunan. Tujuan riset ini ialah menguji apakah Sistem Wayfinding dan Orientasi di Gedung P Universitas Kristen Petra sudah berfungsi optimal dengan elemen-elemen arsitektur yang menunjangnya. Metode Post Occupancy Evaluation (POE) (Friedman, Zimring, and Zube, 1978) dan Metode Visual Research (Sanoff, H., 1991) digunakan untuk menemukan kesulitan kesulitan wayfinding dan elemen – elemen wayfinding terkait. Seratus tujuh puluh enam responden dari mahasiswa Jurusan Arsitektur dan Desain Komunikasi Visual (DKV) dipilih untuk mengikuti riset ini. Sampel ini terbagi atas Mahasiswa Tahun I dan III. Ditemukan terdapat kesulitan menemukan jalan di Gedung P UK Petra karena aspek arsitektural dan grafis. Tetapi di sisi lain, Gedung P ini memiliki beberapa Landmark dan Node yang mudah diingat dan memiliki ciri khas sedangkan Pathway, Node, dan Zoning dinilai kurang memiliki kekhasan. Untuk mencapai desain bangunan yang berempati pada pengguna perlu dirancang Sistem Wayfinding dan Orientasi yang terintegrasi.
Kata Kunci: Elemen Arsitektur, Sistem Wayfinding dan Orientasi

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: gunteitb on Jun 02, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/02/2013

 
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