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Published by: hagamok on Jun 04, 2012
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227
THE PHYSICS OF CREATION
© HAROLD ASPDEN, 2003
APPENDIX I
The Exclusion Zone of Interaction Energy
When two particles interact owing to the interaction of their mutual electrostatic or gravitational fields, the fact that field energydensity is proportional to field intensity squared means that there is across-product component of energy density separate from the self-energy components of either particle. This cross-product componentis what is meant here by ‘interaction energy’. Our task now is to prove the following theorem:Given two particles separated by a distance r and subjectto an inverse square of distance law of force, prove thattheir interaction energy sums to zero within a sphere of radius r centred on either charge.Why is this important? It is important because in physics weface the problem of working out how fast that energy can transfer from its distribution over the whole of the field enveloping the particles to satisfy the Principle of Conservation of Energy by movingto or from the kinetic energy state which is seated with and shares themotion at the particle location.For the electrostatic case, consider a charge Q in the figureabove as developing a radial electric field V
Q
at radius x. Imaginethen a charge q distant r from Q developing a radial electric field V
q
at the radius x from Q. Let y denote the distance from q and a pointP under consideration at radius x from Q. Then, with
φ
as the angle between V
Q
and V
q
, we know that the interaction energy densitycomponent at P is:(V
Q
V
q
cos
φ
)/4
π
 
228
THE PHYSICS OF CREATION
© HAROLD ASPDEN, 2003
Fig. I.1Also, V
Q
is Q/x
2
and V
q
is q/y
2
. Now consider the volume of anelemental section of a spherical shell of thickness dx at the radius x,as subtended at P by a small solid angle from q. The elementalvolume is y
2
/cos
φ
times this angle per unit thickness of the shell. If this is multiplied by the above expression after replacing V
Q
and V
q
 by the above terms in x and y, we find that the cos
φ
term is eliminatedas is the y
2
term, to leave us with an expression for the energyattributable to that elemental section dx of shell is Qq(dx)/4
π
x
2
timesthe solid angle mentioned. Since this does not depend upon y, we canevaluate the total energy component dE for the full solid angle of 4
π
to obtain:dE = (Qq/x
2
)dxProvided x is greater than r, the fields V
Q
and V
q
are in the samedirection. With x less than r the two regions of the spherical shellintercepted by the same solid angle have opposite and cancellinginteraction energies owing to the change of direction of V
Q
relative toV
q
. Thus within the radius r the interaction field energy sums to zeroand so the proposition is proved.

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