War Department Education Manual
BLACKSMITHING EQUIPMENT; FORGE FIRES
Whether a farmer can afford a forge and anvil will depend upon the distance to ablacksmith shop, the amount of machinery repair work he needs to do or have done, andhis ability as a mechanic. Although not every farmer can profitably own blacksmithingequipment, many farmers can. If a farmer cannot, he should remember that a great deal of repair work can be done with cold metal, if he has a few simple tools like a vise, a hack saw, files, cold chisels, and drills.Although blacksmithing under many conditions should occupy a minor place in a farmshop course, no such course can be considered complete without at least some instructionin this work. Blacksmithing is generally more difficult than woodwork. Almost any highschool boy with average mechanical ability, however, can soon learn to do simpleblacksmithing and feel well repaid for his efforts, if he will set himself diligently to thetask. In all mechanical work, much more rapid and satisfactory progress can be made if the student will carefully study the theory and principles along with his practice. This isparticularly true of blacksmithing.
276. The Forge.-
The forge for the farm shop should have a gear driven blower operatedby a crank, and it should have a hearth at least 18 in. wide, preferably somewhat larger.Probably the cheapest way of providing a good forge is to buy a good blower and tuyere(that part in the bottom of the hearth through which the blast comes) and make a hearthand stand of concrete, brick, or other masonry. The forge should be provided with a hoodand pipe connection for taking away the smoke.
277. The Anvil.-
Anvils are of two general grades: cast iron and steel. Steel anvils aremuch better and should be used if they can be afforded, The two kinds can bedistinguished by striking with a hammer. A cast anvil has a dead sound while a steel onehas a clear ring.