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Global Trends 2010

Global Trends 2010

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Published by: UNHCR on Jun 04, 2012
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Glbal Trend 2010
6
years
and still counting 
 
25.2 million
protected by unhcr 
Of th world’s displacd, mor than
25.2
million popl
10.55
million rfugs and
14.7
million IDPs – wrrciing protction or assistanc from UNHCR at thnd of 
2010
.
12 million
stateless
Statlssnss is stimatd to ha affctd up to
12
million popl b nd
2010
, but th difficultis inquantifing th problm man that data UNHCRrcid from gornmnts capturd just
3.5
millionstatlss indiiduals in
65
countris.
4/5
th
 
developing countries
Dloping countris hostd four-fifths of th world’srfugs. Th
49
Last Dlopd Countris proiddaslum to almost
2
million rfugs.
3/4
in neighbouring countries
Thr-quartrs of th world’s rfugs rsidd incountris nighbouring thir countr of origin.
mixed picture
repatriation
Som
197,600
rfugs rpatriatd oluntaril during
2010
, th lowst figur in mor than
20
ars. Bcontrast, mor than
2.9
million IDPs wr abl to rturn,th highst numbr in almost
15
ars.
7.2 million
protracted situation
Som
7.2
million rfugs wr stuck in protractdsituations at th nd of 
2010
, th highst figur sinc
2001
. Th wr liing in
24
diffrnt countris.
top three
host
Pakistan was host to th largst numbr of rfugsworldwid (
1.9
million), followd b th Islamic Rpublicof Iran (
1.1
million) and th Srian Arab Rpublic(
1
million; Gornmnt stimat).
42%
below 3,000 usd
Mor than
4.4
million rfugs, rprsnting
42
pr cntof th world’s rfugs, rsidd in countris whos GDPpr capita was blow USD
3,000
.
top three
host per gdp
Pakistan hostd th largst numbr of rfugs inrlation to th siz of its conom with
710
rfugs pr
1
USD GDP (PPP) pr capita. Th Dmocratic Rpublicof th Congo (
475
) and Kna (
247
) wr scond and thirdrspctil.
2010 in Review
By end 
2010 
, there were
43.7 
million forciblydisplaced people worldwide, the highest number in
15 
years. Of these,
15.4
million were refugees:
10.55 
million under UNHCR’s mandate and 
4.82 
million Palestinian refugees registered withUNRWA. The overall figure also includes
837,500 
asylum-seekers and 
27.5 
million internallydisplaced persons (IDPs).
Trends at a glance
top two
origin
Afghan and Iraqi rfugs accountd for almost half of all rfugs undr UNHCR’s rsponsibilit worldwid;thr out of tn rfugs in th world wr fromAfghanistan (
3
million). Afghans wr locatd in
75
diffrnt aslum countris. Iraqis wr th scondlargst rfug group, with
1.7
million popl locatdprimaril in nighbouring countris.
2 million
natural disasters
Mor than
2
million popl in situations of naturaldisastrs bnfitd from UNHCR’s intrntions in
2010
.
22 countries
resettlement
During th ar, UNHCR submittd to Stats mor than
108,000
rfug cass for rsttlmnt. Clos to
73,000
 rfugs dpartd for rsttlmnt with UNHCR’sassistanc. According to gornmnt statistics,
22
 countris rportd th admission of 
98,800
rsttldrfugs during
2010
(with or without UNHCRassistanc). Th Unitd Stats of Amrica rcid thhighst numbr (
71,400
).
845,800
asylum claims
Mor than
845,800
popl submittd an indiidualapplication for aslum or rfug status in
2010
. UNHCRoffics rgistrd
11
pr cnt of ths claims. With morthan
180,600
aslum claims - on fifth of applicationsgloball - South Africa was th world’s largst rcipintof indiidual applications, followd b th Unitd Statsof Amrica (
54,300
) and Franc (
48,100
).
15,500
unaccompanied children
Mor than
15,500
aslum applications wr lodgd bunaccompanid or sparatd childrn in
69
countris in
2010
. Th applications cam mostl from Afghan andSomali childrn.
11.8 million
rural/urban areas
Aailabl data (coring
11.8
million popl) rals thatwhil IDPs (including rturnd IDPs) had a tndncto gathr in rural aras, rfugs and aslum-skrsgraitatd towards urban aras. Rturnd rfugs wrfound quall in rural and urban aras.
49%
 women and girls
Womn and girls rprsntd, on arag,
49
pr cntof prsons of concrn to UNHCR. Th constitutd
47
 pr cnt of rfugs, and half of all IDPs and rturns(formr rfugs). Fort-four pr cnt of rfugs and
31
 pr cnt of aslum-skrs wr childrn blow
18
arsof ag.
2
UNHCR Global Trends 2010
3
UNHCR Global Trends 2010
 
   U   N   H   C   R   /   E .   H   o   C   k   s   T   E   i   N
New arrived Sairefugees
watng t beregtered n Dadaab, kenya.
Pakistan |
Returnt Swat Vae
 Thousands of displacedPakistanis board buses andtrucks to…
UNHCR |
60 earsin phts
The agency’sfirst task was to help anestimated 1 million…
1 
See page 37 for a definition of each population group.
2 
This figure includes 4.82 million Palestinian refugees who are registeredwith the UnitedNations Relief andWorks Agencyfor Palestine Refugees in the Near East(UNRWA).
3 
Source:Internal DisplacementMonitoring Centre (IDMC)of the Norwegian Refugee Council(NRC).
A
T THe eND OF
2010
, som
43.7
million popl worldwidwr forcibl displacd duto conflict and prscution,th highst numbr in morthan
15
ars. This includd
15.4
millionrfugs,
(2)
 
27.5
million IDPs
(3)
and morthan
837,500
indiiduals whos aslumapplication had not t bn adjudicatdb th nd of th rporting priod.
[
see
 
Fgure 1
below
]
Th total numbr of rfugs andIDPs undr UNHCR’s car rmaindhigh, standing at
25.2
million b ar-nd
[
see
 
Fgure 2
below
]
. Whil th numbrof rfugs incrasd marginall to
10.55
 million, th numbr of IDPs protctdor assistd b UNHCR droppd to
14.7
 million. This was th rsult of a largnumbr of IDPs bing abl to rturnduring th cours of 
2010
. In addition,UNHCR stimatd that up to
12
mil-lion popl wr statlss, with thOffic haing rliabl statistics for som
3.5
million of thm.
returns and resettlement
Finding durabl solutions for thos whoha sought intrnational protction iscntral to UNHCR’s mandat. Dspitth Offic’s fforts howr, humani-tarian criss and th political situationin a numbr of countris continud toprnt th rturn of a numbr of po-pl. Th numbr of rfug rturns hascontinuousl dcrasd sinc
2004
, andth
2010
figur of 
197,600
was th low-st ll in mor than two dcads. UN-HCR’s submissions for rfug rsttl-mnt considration b Stats incrasdstadil in rcnt ars. Howr, in
2010
th numbr droppd b on-sithto
108,000
, largl du to scurit r-quirmnts and procssing backlogs.As a consqunc, th numbr of rfu-gs considrd b UNHCR to b in aprotractd situation stood at
7.2
millionb ar-nd, th highst sinc
2001
. Ona positi not, mor than
2.9
millionIDPs wr abl to rturn hom in
2010
,th highst numbr in almost
15
ars.
children
Information on th dmographic com-position and location of th populationsfalling undr UNHCR’s rsponsibilitis crucial for planning and monitoringactiitis. In
2010
, mor than
15,500
 unaccompanid or sparatd childrn,mainl from Afghanistan and Somalia
As UNHCR commemorates in
2011
the
60 
th
anniversary of the
1951
Conntion Rlating toth Status of Rfugs
and the
50 
th
anniversary of the
1961
Conntion on th Rduction of Statlssnss
, the
2010 
Global Trends report demonstrates the continued relevance of forced displacement and statelessness issues to the international agenda. It depicts some of the major humanitarian trends which occurred during 
2010 
in relation to displacement, either within or beyond international borders. The report also reviews statistical trends and patterns for populationsconsidered to be of concern to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) -refugees, returnees, stateless persons and internally displaced persons (IDPs) - collectively referred toas “persons of concern”.
(1)
Introduction
I
UNHCR |
Turns 60
The UN refugee agencywas founded on December14, 1950…
4
UNHCR Global Trends 2010
5
UNHCR Global Trends 2010
5
UNHCR Global Trends 2010

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