Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
FQHE Graphene Alexandru Bratu Minor Thesis

FQHE Graphene Alexandru Bratu Minor Thesis

Ratings: (0)|Views: 7|Likes:
Published by alexandru_bratu_6

More info:

Published by: alexandru_bratu_6 on Jun 05, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

12/05/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 
th 
Fractional Quantum Hall Effect on graphene Minor-thesiby 4year Theoretical Physics undergraduatAlexandru Bratu 
 
 
( )
Graphenemonolayer of graphite was chosen due to its pseudospin degenaracy of Fermi pointsthat do not couple directly to the Bfield, i.e.magnetic field. The effect will be studied at the 0L
=
( )
andau level, the second Landau level, the behaviour of the variational ground state wavefun-ction for GaAs due to its similarity in the zero Zeeman energy limit that comes close to that of graphenea
LL
nd the analysis in terms of gauge theory.
 
FQHE at the n=0 Landau level of graphen
 
Graphene has quite an unusual eletronic dispersion around where the electromagnetic field 0.This can be observed in the Landau level compositions and the Hall conductance staircase. The wav
=
e func-tions of the electrons at the 0 level are similar to the ones of GaAs. Thus at a high magnetic field the0 Landau level of graphene identifies itself to the FQHE behaviour of electrons in G
==
aAs with zeroZeeman energy.
 
( )
Due to this corelation we have that physical behaviour of 0 LL of graphene matches thatof GaAs. At this level we have that each electron captures an even number 2 of quantized vortices to
p
=
( )
become a composite fermion. At the Berry phases we have that the vortices cancel outeffectively a small part of the Bfield, such that the composite fermions are being governed by a do
explained below 
wn-grade of the magnetic field of the form
 
*0
=2,
B B p
ρφ
 
0
particle density in the 0 LLwhereflux quantum of constant value
hc 
ρφ
=
 
Berry phase 
 
( )
If a quasiparticle encircles a closed contour in the momentum space" ", a phaseshift known as Berry's phase is gained by the quasiparticle's wavefunction. The phase can be observeddue to
p momentum 
∫ 
 
( )
rotation of pseudospinquasicharge confined to quasiferromagnetic region, when a quasiparticlerepetitively moves between different carbon sublattices.
 
 
1
 
 
 
*
Then we observe that the 0 LL of electrons splits away into levels that behave in the samemanner as the composite fermions, which have a filling factor , that measures the efficiency of a
=
bsorp-tion, in terms of the electron filling, where
 
**
.21
pv 
=±
 
( )
*
The IQHE of the fermions for gives
integrated quantum hall effect v
=
:
 
.21
pn 
=±
 
( )
The origin of the gap, i.e. the amount of energy need to boost the fermion a higherCF Landau level takes different takes for n of even and odd values.
composite fermion 
 
n eve
 
( )
The ground state is a pseudospin quantum state with zero spin with CFLandau level2for each component of pseudospin occupied.
singlet 
 
n od
 
No quantum hall effect would be present if the CFs did not interact, however a residual interac-tion between them would open a gap.
 
The collisions occuring would be weak in nature and they would be expressed like this ,,
pp q 
»
 
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
with gcd,gcd,121,2,,,,,
a ba r b r a n odd b m even a b r n r
< = = = + =
»
 
At the zero Zeeman energy level limit for GaAs FQHE the energies of excitation apply forgraphene FQHE at 0 level. In terms of the far-separated charged quasiparticle/quasihole pair1at ob3
==
( ) ( )
22
2tained from interCF interactionsthe gap is 0.07and for the unpolarized5respectively gap of 0.04electron charge, wherefractional coefficientmagnetic length
eB 
==
.
 
ЄЄЄ
 
Assured that the electrons remain in the 0 LL, the Dirac nature of the zero-field dispersion,gives rise to some consequences withing the FQHE. The CFcyclotron energy tends linearly withres
=
*
pect to , as expected from the parabolic dispersion of the CFs.
 
2
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->