Then we observe that the 0 LL of electrons splits away into levels that behave in the samemanner as the composite fermions, which have a filling factor , that measures the efficiency of a
bsorp-tion, in terms of the electron filling, where
v v pv
The IQHE of the fermions for gives
integrated quantum hall effect v n
n v pn
The origin of the gap, i.e. the amount of energy need to boost the fermion a higherCF Landau level takes different takes for n of even and odd values.
The ground state is a pseudospin quantum state with zero spin with CFLandau level2for each component of pseudospin occupied.
No quantum hall effect would be present if the CFs did not interact, however a residual interac-tion between them would open a gap.
The collisions occuring would be weak in nature and they would be expressed like this ,,
pp q q
( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
a ba r b r a n odd b m even a b r n m r r
⇒ < = = = + = ∈
At the zero Zeeman energy level limit for GaAs FQHE the energies of excitation apply forgraphene FQHE at 0 level. In terms of the far-separated charged quasiparticle/quasihole pair1at ob3
( ) ( )
2tained from interCF interactionsthe gap is 0.07and for the unpolarized5respectively gap of 0.04electron charge, wherefractional coefficientmagnetic length
B B B
e v l e l e c l eB
− =→→→ =
Assured that the electrons remain in the 0 LL, the Dirac nature of the zero-field dispersion,gives rise to some consequences withing the FQHE. The CFcyclotron energy tends linearly withres
pect to , as expected from the parabolic dispersion of the CFs.