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Midterm Solutions

# Midterm Solutions

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04/27/2014

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MidtermPart
1:
Short
Directions:
all
questions
in
the
space
provided.
(Pb'',
/
u*/--u,
/^
,.-/J
o1
The
figure
below
shows
three
waves
that
aresent along
the
same
string
stretched
under
the
same
tension.
Rank
the
waves
according
to their
(a)
wavelengths,(b)
speeds,
and(c)
angularfreq
\
I
1
),)).)
)
,
{g,
,^rv*"A^
)
V,
=
V.'1&'&
z
6oa3l'
fo'
ar
s
/.,'"2
)
":)tr'
'ol=r{:g)
3
uencles
&J.
O*)
o4)
O
c)
u)l
A
policecar's siren emits
sounds
that
range
from
500
Hz
to
4,000
Hz.
An
observer
who
is
standing
on
the
sidewalk
holding
a
guitar
with
strings
that
are0.80m
long
and
that
carry
waves
at
a speed
of
710
my's observes
that
one
of his strings is
vibrating
sympathetically
in
the
first
harmonic.
(a)
At
what
frequency
is
thestring
sounding?
o/'
v
)?^LZ(D.\$-)
7C
t4.
y'51/^r-6^';c.
Q
4
Hz
l4
{D(b)
Is the
policecar moving towards
the
observer
or
away
from
him?
How
doyou
know?
&
A**/
Aeoar*se
lrru,oc
(D*r/-
f#"*,
g

Each
partof the
figure below
shows
light that
reflects
multiple
timesalong
a
glass
corridor.
If
the
angle
of
incidence
at
point
a
is
30
degrees,
what
are
the
angles
of
@
reflection
at
pointsb,
c,
d,
e,
andf?
K
ta)soo
I
4/)/o"
t
it
/0"
.,1{}
/'/!/a-.
brC
/
p/
^-^r4/"(
5"''/u4{
4.
A
penguin
thecentral
axis
of
a concave
mirror,
from
thefocal
point
to[r)
,
an
effectively
infinite
distance.How
does
its
image move?Does
the
heightof
the
im-
(-ry
)
age
increase
continuously,
decrease
continuously,
or
change
in
some
more
complicated
manner?
(A
diagrammay help.)
tD"
rL
,,?aw<-j.
!-".at{S
/L/.*l
vro;*
/
ilo
7k
/.".^2"5.nnf
n*o*,
/y,
*"-V
WJJI.,.d/L
p
2'.t
e4+se5=>
,/A
-
/,,*,n**
5.
The
figure
below
shows
two
rays
oflight,
of
wavelength 600
nm,
that
reflect from
glasssurfaces separated
by
150
nm.
The
rays are
initiallyin
phase.
After
the
rayshave cleared
thereflectionregion
(point b),
are
the
rays
exactly
in
phase,
exactly
outof
phase,
or
in
some
intermediate
state?
/2J4'/a-f/l
n/,-/b'^",
/';,t
+?"
H
AL=l(/5o"-)=3oo^,
0
3DOn*,TA
ula-y'cs
*""//e-
-*J/y
o*
/a/
2,/a-te.
c
o
lQ",
4,,
d
Nr{
/o
"
"*le
I
-j
II
{
c)
{oo
t
4d
)
(00
{.)Y'
t
1'*t*;/O
/.y4-V
@
E;)
4l50n^
II
.:)