11-16-06Explaining Essence of Spacio-Temporal Things: Aristotle
-When you get out of the categories, primary substance is just substance. Substance is just a “this” that you can point at.-The soul does not survive death – it’s the form that holds a house together. The soul ismerely the organization of physical parts and once the soul is gone, there is no moreunification.-The highest organizing principle gives you the nature of things.-Essence controls movement and change-What your essence is, is what is true of you for every possible way the world/eventscould have gone.-It’s always forms that’ll be directing us.-Forms masters and constrains the lower-levels – when it gets to strong for higher levelsto control, the organism dies.-Does Socrates have his own form of human beingness? Aristotle would say NObecause his form is eternal (e.g. the piglet would have the same form as father pig)
The Difference b/t Aristotle and Plato’s View (p. 261)
-Aristotle supposed to have a moderate view, and Plato’s is radical/going too far. Theexplanation (based on e.g. in the case of Socrates and the color blue):-To say Socrates and the color blue both exist would be meaningless bc theyhave no genus above them in common bc Socrates is a substance and the color blue is a quality. They’re not comparable bc they are not of the same values.Aristotle is basically saying that both the color blue and Socrates aresystematically ambiguous, they only exist in the secondary sense (non-substance). So it’s not that they’re nothing, but they’re not something either.-Plato says there’s either something or nothing.