According to "Accounting" (2008),
Accountants that work in the accounting departmentcarry the primary responsibility for financial records, making sure the appropriate taxes arepaid by federal and state deadlines, oversee efficient use of funds and related tasks. Theymay work with individuals, major corporations and/or small businesses. They will work closely with clients in preparation, explanation and verification of any financial paperwork,they also help consumers to go over budgeting and to make plans for future investments.Prepare, examine, and analyze accounting records, financial statements, and other financialreports to assess accuracy, completeness, and conformance to reporting and proceduralstandards. Analyze business operations, trends, costs, revenues, financial commitments, andobligations, to project future revenues and expenses or to provide advice.
Governments usethe reports to tell how much tax a company should pay. Some people read them to decide if they want to do business with the company. Others use them to decide if they want to lendmoney to the company or not.
According to "Human Resources" (2009),
The Human Resources department, working withpeople from other departments, is responsible for the people in the organization. This oftenincludes:
Hiring (including recruiting candidates, the interview process, negotiations, and signingcontracts)
Employees Benefits ,Training and continued professional development
Annual appraisals (in many companies)
Promotions and raises
Warnings and layoffs