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Resumen ejecutivo de 'México: Flujos Financieros Ilícitos,Desequilibrios Macroeconómicos y la Economía Sumergida'

Resumen ejecutivo de 'México: Flujos Financieros Ilícitos,Desequilibrios Macroeconómicos y la Economía Sumergida'

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Published by: Global Financial Integrity on Jun 06, 2012
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Håqebn0 Fj|`nr Femkmbelynr Ejèbesnr* Clrl{|ejeiyenr Hkbynlbnmòhebnr u jk Lbnmnhèk R|hlygeck
Ylr|hlm l`lb|sevn
Lj tylrlmsl lrs|cen ylkjepk |mk lrsehkbeòm cl jnr |`nr mkmbelynr ejèbesnr !FFE% tynblclmslr clHåqebn c|ykmsl lj tlyencn ;574(94;4 u kmkjepk jnr fkbsnylr u jk cemëhebk r|iukblmslr lm ikrl k|m hncljn cl reh|jkbeòm- Ckcn {|l jk emfnyhkbeòm mlblrkyek tkyk ylkjepky jk reh|jkbeòm ròjn lrsëcertnmeijl tkyk lj tlyencn ;57;(9441* lj kmëjerer cl jnr fkbsnylr {|l nyegemkynm jnr |`nr ejèbesnr rljehesk k lrsl tlyencn cl selhtn-Cl kb|lycn bnm m|lrsyk clmebeòm* rl bnmreclyk {|l lj cemlyn lr ejèbesn re r| nyeglm* clrsemnn hnvehelmsn lr ejlgkj- Snckr jkr lrsehkbenmlr cl jnr |`nr rl ikrkm lm sykmrflylmbekremslymkbenmkjlr cl cemlyn ejèbesn u mn selmlm lm b|lmsk lj cemlyn ejèbesn {|l rl ijkm{|lk clmsynclj tkèr- Kclhër* jnr |`nr ejèbesnr tynblclmslr clj syëbn cl cyngkr u nsykr kbseveckclr ejèbeskr{|l rl je{|eckm lm lflbsevn skhtnbn {|lckm yll`kcnr lm hncljnr lbnmòhebnr bnhn jnr {|lrl akm |sejepkcn lm lrsl lrs|cen- Ckcn {|l jnr håsncnr u hncljnr lbnmòhebnr r|ilrsehkm clfnyhk emalylmsl jnr |`nr mkmbelynr ejèbesnr* lm lrsl lrs|cen lhtjlkhnr lj vkjny mn mnyhkjepkcn!n yni|rsn% cl jk lrsehkbeòm cl jnr |`nr ejèbesnr* k|m{|l lm lj kmlqn skhieåm rl embj|ulm jkrlrsehkbenmlr mnyhkjepkckr n bnmrlyvkcnykr tkyk tnreiejesky jk bnhtkykbeòm- Ceban lrsn* jkhkgmes|c u jk skrk cl bylbehelmsn cl jnr |`nr mkmbelynr ejèbesnr tynblclmslr cl Håqebn lr |memceben cl jk gykvlckc clj tynijlhk kj {|l rl lmfylmskm jnr ylrtnmrkijlr tnjèsebnr-Jkr tyembetkjlr bnmbj|renmlr clj lrs|cen embj|ulm0C|ykmsl lj tlyencn ;574(94;4* lj snskj cl jnr |`nr mkmbelynr ejèbesnr cl Håqebn rl ljlvk k jkehtylrenmkmsl befyk cl 179*444 hejjnmlr cl \RC-Lj |`n rkjelmsl cl bkteskj ejèbesn rl ak ljlvkcn cl fnyhk regmebksevk* tkrkmcn cl kjylclcny cl;*444 hejjnmlr cl \RC lm ;574 k 61*<44 hejjnmlr cl \RC lm 94;4* kjbkmpkmcn r| hëqehn lm9447 bnm 5;*444 hejjnmlr cl \RC-Jnr |`nr hlcenr km|kjlr cl rkjeck cl bkteskj ejèbesn rl embylhlmskynm kb|rkckhlmsl k jn jkygncl jkr b|ksyn cåbkckr- C|ykmsl jnr kûnr rlslmsk* jk befyk f|l cl 2*444 hejjnmlr cl \RC* ;4*344hejjnmlr cl \RC lm jnr nbalmsk* ;7*344 hejjnmlr cl \RC lm jnr mnvlmsk u 35*644 hejjnmlr cl\RC lm jk ðjsehk cåbkck-Cl hlcek* jnr |`nr cl cemlyn ejèbesn yltylrlmskynm lj <-9, clj TEI c|ykmsl lj tlyencn cl 3; kûnrbnhtylmcecn lmsyl ;574 u 94;4- Lj hëqehn mevlj cl |`nr ejèbesnr bnhn tnyblmsk`l clj TEI rlkjbkmpò lm ;55< bnm lj ;9-7,-Bnhn tnyblmsk`l clj TEI* jnr |`nr ejèbesnr rl embylhlmskynm bnm lj selhtn* tkrkmcn cl |mkhlcek clj 3-<, lm lj tlyencn kmslyeny k jk lmsykck lm vegny clj SJBKM lm lmlyn cl ;553* akrsk lj6-2, clj TEI lm jnr ;7 kûnr reg|elmslr-Jnr FFE bnhn tnyblmsk`l cl jk cl|ck lqslymk cl Håqebn rl embylhlmskynm clj ;<-4, lm ;574 kj91-7, lm 94;4* bnm |mk hlcek clj ;6-1, lm lj tlyencn ;574(94;4- Lj iy|rbn embylhlmsn cl lrslèmcebl rl tync|`n tyembetkjhlmsl clrt|år cl jk lmsykck lm vegny clj SJBKM lm ;553-
 
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Gjnikj Femkmbekj Emslgyesu
Bnm jk lqbltbeòm cl |mkr tnbkr r|ieckr regmebksevkr* jnr FFE bnhn tnyblmsk`l cljkr lqtnyskbenmlr cl Håqebn clrblmcelynm clrcl lj 73-3, lm ;574 kj 92-4, lm 94;4*tyembetkjhlmsl bnhn bnmrlb|lmbek clj bylbehelmsn cl jkr lqtnyskbenmlr cl tlsyòjln k jn jkygnclj selhtn-Lqersl |mk yljkbeòm lrskijl lmsyl lj vnj|hlm cl jnr |`nr ejèbesnr rkjelmslr u jk fkrl tylvek lemhlcekskhlmsl tnrslyeny k jkr byerer hkbynlbnmòhebkr {|l ak r|fyecn Håqebn lm lrsnr 3; kûnr-Lm jn {|l ylrtlbsk k jkr rler byerer lrs|cekckr* jnr |`nr ejèbesnr rl embylhlmskynm lm lj kûn cl jkbyerer lm bnhtkykbeòm bnm jnr cnr kûnr kmslyenylr k jk byerer- Lrtlbekjhlmsl c|ykmsl0Jk byerer clj tylben clj tlsyòjln cl ;572* lm {|l jnr |`nr ejèbesnr cl rkjeck yltylrlmskynm lj3-3, clj TEI* bkre 3 vlblr jk hlcek km|kj cl jnr cnr kûnr kmslyenylr k jk byerer !;-;<,%-Jk byerer cl jk ikjkmpk cl tkgnr cl ;576* jnr |`nr ejèbesnr krblmcelynm kj <-6, clj TEI* jn {|lskhieåm r|tlyk jk hlcek km|kj clj 2-9, ylgersykck lm ;573 u ;57<-Jk byerer cl cl|ck cl ;519* c|ykmsl jk b|kj jnr |`nr rkjelmslr krblmcelynm kj <-2, clj TEI*bnhtkykcnr bnm |mk hlcek clj 2-<, lm ;514 u ;51;-Jk byerer clj tylben clj tlsyòjln cl ;516* lm {|l jnr |`nr ejèbesnr kjbkmpkynm lj 1-;, clj TEI*|mk befyk ikrskmsl r|tlyeny k jk hlcek clj <-;, ylgersykck lmsyl ;513 u ;51<-Jk byerer clj tlrn cl ;553* lm {|l jnr |`nr cl rkjeck krblmcelynm kj 2-1, clj TEI jn {|ltyëbsebkhlmsl syetjebk jk hlcek clj ;-2, clj tlyencn ;559(;552-Jk byerer lbnmòhebk h|mcekj cl 9447* lm {|l jnr |`nr ejèbesnr rl ljlvkynm akrsk lj 1-1, cljTEI* helmsykr {|l jk hlcek km|kj lmsyl 944<(9446 f|l clj <-<,-Bnm jk lqbltbeòm cl jk tyehlyk byerer clj tylben clj tlsyòjln cl ;572 u lj emeben cl jk byererlbnmòhebk h|mcekj cl mkjlr cl 9447* jnr |`nr cl bkteskj ejèbesn tynblclmslr cl Håqebn reg|elynmbylbelmcn |m kûn clrt|år cl jk byerer- Jk byerer clj tlrn cl ;553 clrskbk lmsyl snckr jkr clhërbyerer {|l ak r|fyecn Håqebn lmsyl ;574 u 94;4* t|lrsn {|l jnr |`nr ejèbesnr cl rkjeck lm tnyblmsk`lclj TEI lqtlyehlmskynm lj hkuny embylhlmsn c|ykmsl lj kûn tnrslyeny k jk byerer- Lm lrsl ylrtlbsn*lr tynikijl {|l jk byerer clj tlrn rlk jk byerer hër gykvl {|l akuk r|fyecn Håqebn lm lrsl tlyencn-Lm glmlykj* tnclhnr kyhky {|l |mk byerer hkbynlbnmòhebk tynvnbk |m k|hlmsn cl jnr |`nrmkmbelynr ejèbesnr lm yljkbeòm bnm lj TEI {|l rl tynjnmgk akrsk |m kûn clrt|år cl jk byerer kmslrcl bnhlmpky k clrblmcly-Jnr cltòresnr ikmbkyenr emslymkbenmkjlr cl jnr {|l rl ak emfnyhkcn kj Ikmbn cl TkgnrEmslymkbenmkjlr !ITE% emcebkm {|l jnr Lrskcnr \mecnr* jnr blmsynr mkmbelynr lqsykslyyesnyekjlr n jnrtkykèrnr rbkjlr lm lj Bkyeil u jnr tkykèrnr rbkjlr lm L|yntk rnm jnr sylr tyembetkjlr clrsemnr cljnr cltòresnr clj rlbsny tyevkcn cl Håqebn- Lrsnr cltòresnr embj|ulm fnmcnr jèbesnr l ejèbesnr- Remlhikygn* ckck jk fkjsk cl emfnyhkbeòm rniyl ylseykckr u jk emfnyhkbeòm embnhtjlsk tyntnybenmkcktny jkr emrses|benmlr mkmbelykr* mn lr tnreijl clslyhemky lj clrsemn cl jnr |`nr mkmbelynr ejèbesnrlqbj|revkhlmsl-
 
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Håqebn0 Fj|`nr Femkmbelynr Ejèbesnr* Clrl{|ejeiyenr Hkbynlbnmòhebnr u jk Lbnmnhèk R|hlygeck
Bkil hlmbenmky {|l jk hlsncnjngèk lhtjlkck lm jnr lrs|cenr cl Gjnikj Femkmbekj Emslgyesu !GFE%tkyk bkjb|jky jnr |`nr ejèbesnr lr cersemsk cl jk lhtjlkck tny nsynr emvlrsegkcnylr t|lrsn {|lm|lrsynr hncljnr lrsëm k`|rskcnr tkyk yll`ky lqbj|revkhlmsl jnr |`nr rkjelmslr iy|snr- Jktyembetkj ykpòm tny jk {|l jnr |`nr ejèbesnr lmsykmslr mn rl clc|blm cl jnr rkjelmslr lr {|l jnr |`nrejèbesnr lmsykmslr skhtnbn rl ylgersykm tny jn {|l lj gnielymn mn t|lcl rnhlslyjnr k eht|lrsnrn |sejepkyjnr tkyk lj clrkyynjjn lbnmòhebn- Cl alban* jnr |`nr ejèbesnr mlsnr rnm |m bnmbltsn skmtnbn clflmceijl bnhn lj byehlm mlsn- Rem lhikygn* k tlrky cl jkr ceflylmbekr lm jk hlsncnjngèk*jkr lrsehkbenmlr cl jnr |`nr mkmbelynr ejèbesnr cl Håqebn ylkjepkckr tny GFE mn lrsëm jl`nr cl jkrcl lrs|cenr kmslyenylr rniyl jk f|gk cl bkteskj cl Håqebn re rl selml lm b|lmsk {|l cebanr lrs|cenrmn embj|ulynm jnr |`nr rkjelmslr nyegemkcnr tny jk fkbs|ykbeòm fyk|c|jlmsk* kjgn {|l rè embj|ul lrsllrs|cen- Vkjeåmcnmnr cl |m kmëjerer gyëbn* lqtjebkhnr bòhn jnr |`nr mkmbelynr ejèbesnr tynblclmslrcl jk kbseveckc lbnmòhebk r|hlygeck selmlm |m ehtkbsn rniyl jnr hlybkcnr mkbenmkjlr clkbsevnr b|kmcn rl |rkm setnr cl bkhien `nr !kmslr cl jk byerer clj tlrn cl ;553* lj tlrnslmèk |m setn cl bkhien lrlmbekjhlmsl `n fylmsl kj \RC%- Tynjnmgkmcn lrsk iylvl emslykbbeòmej|rsyksevk* clrkyynjjkhnr |m hncljn cl reh|jkbeòm cl jnr |`nr ejèbesnr cl Håqebn {|l clrskbkjkr emslykbbenmlr lmsyl jkr tnjèsebkr hkbynlbnmòhebkr !nflysk hnmlskyek* gkrsn tðijebn* emgylrnrtðijebnr* eht|lrsnr ceylbsnr u lj mevlj cl tylbenr clslyhemkcn clmsyn clj hncljn%* fkbsnylrlrsy|bs|ykjlr !yltylrlmskcnr tny jk jeilykjepkbeòm bnhlybekj u jk clreg|kjckc cl ylmsk* {|lrnm lqòglmnr%* u jk gnilymkmpk lm glmlykj !yltylrlmskck tny jk lbnmnhèk r|hlygeck* bnhnktynqehkbeòm* {|l lr lmcòglmk%- Jk reh|jkbeòm emcebk {|l* cl lmsyl lrsnr fkbsnylr* lj mevlj cltylbenr t|lcl tylclbeyrl bnm ikrskmsl tylbereòm lm ikrl k jkr emslykbbenmlr lmsyl jkr tnjèsebkrhnmlskyek u rbkj- Rl bnmbj|ul {|l jkr kjskr skrkr cl emkbeòm ylr|jskmslr !{|l skhieåm lykm h|uvkyekijlr% rnm |m fkbsny ehtnyskmsl {|l bnmsyei|ul kj embylhlmsn cl jnr |`nr ejèbesnr `|msn bnm |mklbnmnhèk r|hlygeck f|lysl u jk jeilykjepkbeòm clj bnhlyben !{|l tyntnybenmk k jnr ntlykcnylr hërntnys|meckclr tkyk fkjrlky jk fkbs|ykbeòm%- Jnr hncljnr cl reh|jkbeòm cl Håqebn tkylblm emcebky{|l* re ielm jnr |`nr ejèbesnr t|lclm mn ylrtnmcly kmsl |mk emlrskiejeckc hkbynlbnmòhebk cl tnbkemslmreckc !skj u bnhn bnmbj|ehnr lm lj bkrn cl Emcek%* |mk vlp {|l jkr byerer rnm r|belmslhlmsljkygkr u tlyrerslmslr* t|lclm jjlvky k |mk tåyceck cl bnmkmpk clj emvlyrny u k jk cltylbekbeòmcl jk skrk cl bkhien bjkykhlmsl kmsebetkck- Bnhn ylr|jskcn* jnr kbsevnr mkbenmkjlr* skmsn jèbesnrbnhn ejèbesnr* telyclm ksykbsevn fylmsl k jnr lqsykm`lynr- \mk emkbeòm hër kjsk tynvnbk lj k|hlmsncl jk ylmsk mnhemkj* jn {|l fkvnylbl jk ylbk|ckbeòm snskj cl eht|lrsnr? rem lhikygn* lrsk hkunyylbk|ckbeòm mn bnmsyei|ul k cerhem|ey jk lbnmnhèk r|hlygeck !k|m{|l jnr eht|lrsnr ylbk|ckcnrselmlm lj bnlbelmsl mlgksevn {|l rl lrtlykik lm jk lb|kbeòm {|l lqtjebk jk lbnmnhèk r|hlygeck%-Lqerslm emcebenr bjkynr cl {|l jk lbnmnhèk r|hlygeck cl Håqebn lrsë hnsevkck f|mckhlmskjhlmsltny jnr |`nr ejèbesnr u lj skhkûn cl jk lbnmnhèk r|hlygeck lm lj tlyencn kmslyeny !lj lflbsn¯hnhlms|h¿%- Jnr hncljnr cl reh|jkbeòm bnmyhkm jk lqerslmbek cl |mk emslykbbeòm cemëhebklmsyl jnr |`nr ejèbesnr u jk lbnmnhèk r|hlygeck cl fnyhk {|l bkck |mn cl lrsnr fkbsnylr eht|jrk ljnsyn-

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