New Low-Stress Buck-Boost Converter forUniversal-Input PFC Applications
Jingquan Chen, Dragan MaksimoviC and Robert Erickson
Colorado Power Electronics CenterDepartment of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of Colorado at BoulderBoulder, CO 80309-0425,
In converters for power-factor-correction (PFC),universal-input capability (ability to operate from any
lievoltage, world-wide) comes with a heavy price in terms ofcomponent stresses and losses, size
components, andrestrictions on the output
new two-switchtopology is proposed to offer very significant performanceimprovements over the single-switch buck-boost converters(including flyback,
topologies) andconventional two-switch buck-boost cascaded converters. Theproposed converter has buck-boost conversion characteristic,switch conduction losses comparable to the
converter, noinrush current problem, and potential for smaller inductor sizecompared to the boost converter.
I. INTRODUCTIONIt is well known that boost topology is highly effective
PFC applications, provided that the dc output voltage is closeto, but slightly greater than the peak
nuniversal-input applications, with the
nput line voltagein the 90-305V range, the output voltage has to be set toabout 450V. At low line (90V,), the switch conductionlosses are high because the input
current has the largestvalue, and the largest step-up conversion is required. Theinductor has to be oversized for large
current at low lineinput, and for the highest volt-seconds applied throughout theinput-line range.
a result, a boost converter designed foruniversal-input
applications is heavily oversizedcompared to a converter designed for a narrow range of inputline voltages. Furthermore, because of the large energystorage filter capacitor at the output, the boost converter hasinrush current problem that can only be mitigated usingadditional components.In universal-input PFC applications, the capability ofproviding both step-up and step-down conversion is attractivebecause the output DC voltage can be set to any value.However, conventional single-switch buck-boost topologies,including the plain buck-boost, flyback, SEPIC, and Cukconverters [2,
have greatly increased component stresses,component sizes, and reduced efficiency compared to theboost converter.
Cascaded two-switch buck-boost topologies: a) boost-buck-cascaded, b) buck-boost-cascaded
Boost Interleaved Buck-Boost Converter (BoIBB).
The boost and the buck converter are known to have thepotentials for highest efficiency and lowest componentstresses if their conversion characteristics meet theinputloutput specifications. Based on this observation, ourobjective was to construct a converter topology with twoindependently controllabe switches such that it can operate asa buck or as a boost in portions of the AC line cycle. Suchtwo-switch topologies could offer higher efficiency, reducedsize, and ability to arbitrarily choose the DC output voltage.
work is supported by Philips Research, Briarcliff Manor,
through Colorado Power Electronics Center