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SAOT SA PISI (Cuartero, Capiz)

SAOT SA PISI (Cuartero, Capiz)

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Published by Marc Wilzen Candel
FOLK DANCE
FOLK DANCE

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Published by: Marc Wilzen Candel on Jun 07, 2012
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SAOT SA PISI
Meaning:Dancing with the ropesPlace of Origin:Cuartero, CapizClassification:Ritual (religious in nature); Social; RuralPerformers:Girls and Boys; Girls only; SeniorCitizensResearcher:Marlou Anthony T. CandelContributor:Jesse H. TiborValidated and Edited by:Beniel Frank(WVSU-CoPESCAR)Musical Score:(***under arrangement)Propagators:Cuartero National High School MAPEH teachers and studentsMs. Rose HallegadoCuartero Senior Citizens Female Sayaw Dancers
BACKGROUND
Saot sa Pisi's history started during the reign of the monarch in Europe. To fully understand its origin, the following text is a help.Danza de las Cintas or Baile de los Listones is a collective dance that isreligious in nature. The dance has many version among the Latin Countriesformerly under the reign of Spain, in some countries of Europe and in someparts of the Philippines. Dancers used colored ribbons hanging from a pole. They weave these ribbons using different weaving techniques creating abeautiful and colorful finish.It originated in Bavaria in the late 14th century and is part of the annualfestival of farmers. It also found its audience in the courts of the Kings andQueens and of the princesses as a form of entertainment during royalgatherings.In the advent of the 15th century, the dance found its way to the LowCountries including England and eventually Spain during the reign of KingCarlos V. The dance is performed during the
Vaquaria Festival
iniated by the
Vaqueros
(from
Vaqa
-meaning "cow") or cowboys; it is a festival which is usedto be held on the cattle ranches to honor
Vaqueros
of the region. The dance starts with the search and preparation of a tree trunk, Ceibaif possible, or pole suitable for the Maypole, of 5 to 6 meters in height. It isplaced in the desired location and ribbons are tied to the top of the pole.
 
 The dance was introduced to the colonies in the New World by Spainduring the colonization period. It first arrived in Yucatan, Mexico and thenspread to the neighboring nation-colonies.Moreover, in Spain and in Mexico, the dance is known to as Baile de losLiztones or Danza de las Cintas. It is also dance together with Jota Aragoneza, adance from the Kingdom of Aragon, which uses Spanish castanets or withAragoneza Y Despedida- a dance notable for the exagerrated bending of thegirl's back while dancing to the tune of waltz as she moves around her malepartner. Ten or more dancers, alternating men and women, dance toward thepole, and then each hold on the end of a ribbon, forming a circle around thepole's base. In Yucatan, a
 Jarana
is played in 3/4 time signature, and thedancers weave around the pole and around each other in a complex series of steps which seem totally random but which are not. The end result is abeautifully woven braid around the pole, from top to bottom. The dancers braid the ropes or ribbons and undo the same using thefollowing choreographies:1. Contraganza2. Coconut3. Basket4. Whirlwind5. The Cimbar6. Coco of TwoNOTE:There are other choreographies used in braiding the ribbons but only afew survived.In Argentina, it uses the music of the "Misa Criolla" to twist and untwistthe ribbons. In Spain, it uses the Villancicos (Spanish Carols) or the adopted Yucatan music in 3/4 and 2/4 time signature. The dance was brought to the Philippines by the Spanish Conquistadoresthrough the Manila-Acapulco route of the famous Spanish Galleon. It was partof the end-result of the colonization and Christianization of the island. To-be-validated reports showed that in Luzon, particularly in Pampanga andZambales, a version of the dance is found and is known as
Listonesan
. Anotherversion of the dance is found in Cuartero, Capiz and is currently known as
Sayaw sa Pisi
or
Sayaw Para Kay San Antonio de Padua
(the name was adaptedafter which the dancers uses ropes instead of ribbons). The dance is an itegraland important part of the Ritual for the farmers and for St. Anthony of Padua. The Ritual is also known as
Sayaw
.
 
What follows is a simplified version of the dance Baile de los Listones. The Cuartero version uses Visayan touch and music to simplify the complicatedsteps of the original version.In this personally iniated research-project entitled: PANUBLIUN-Compilation of Capiz Dances, the researcher uses the name
Saot sa Pisi
instead of 
Sayaw sa Pisi
or
Sayaw Para kay San Antonio
because he felt thatthere is an urgency to relate the dance to its original version to bring outauthenticity even in its name.From the lenghty, twenty figures, the dance figures was reduced to tento make it more appealing and to avoid redundancy. One figure is missing inthe dance, as related to by a respondent and is known as the
Bolero
. Diggingthrough the bulk of Spanish dances,
Bolero
is a dance using spanish castanetsin duple time and is using the music which bears the same name.In the past, the dance is performed by both male and female dancers.Nowadays, only female dancers perform the dance. The following recordedversion, however, with the intention of retaining the authenticity of the dance,the researcher included the steps performed by the male dancers.S
ayaw
 
was performed together with the Aragoneza Y Despedida, whichthe locals corrupted to
 Argonisa
(see
 Argonisa
) but the latter didn't find its wayto survival as it rested in the hearts of the unknown decades ago, however,some of the steps were incorporated in the
Sayaw
ritual.Locals reported that during the time of their forefathers, whenprocurement of musical instrument was still a luxury, they used improvisedmaterials to accompany the dance. They used tin cans, sticks, and emptybottles but they also use
Balitaw
and
Rondalla.
Following the performance of the
Sayaw
dancers is the
Pandesillo deSan Antonio
- this time the dancers offer traditional foods to the audience whiledancing but one must dance first before he or she gets a food (see also thedance
Pandesillo de San Antonio
).In the past, some say that the ritual is culminated with the dancing of the dance
Karansa.
( It is a dance of the farmers which means frolicking or tofrolick and is originally from Carataya and Putian.
Karansa
starts when a tipsyfarmer, who drunk
Tuba
, a local wine, stands in front and acknowledge themusic played by the
Balitaw
, Balcena: 2009)
Karansa
was usually done duringthe
Patakasan
. After
Karansa,
performance of the dance
Fondabella
was alsoreported
.
(The steps and music used in the dance are similar to that of Malaguena Torera of Spain. It is beleived that
Fondabella
originated inCuartero. One of the the town's former names was Fonda which means "theFounder". ) However, the role of the two aforementioned dances in the ritual is

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