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P. 1
Unit 1 Jan 04

Unit 1 Jan 04

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Published by: aqua-exodus on Jun 07, 2012
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06/07/2012

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1
1.
The information in the table below refers to some carbohydrates and their roles in livingorganisms.Complete the table by writing the name of the carbohydrate, or 
one
role, in each of the empty boxes.Carbohydrate
One
role in living organismsForm in which carbohydrate is transported in mammalsSucroseForm in which carbohydrate is stored in mammalsCellulose
(Total 4 marks)
2.
Distinguish between each of the following pairs of terms.(a) Tissues and organs............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(2)
(b) Magnification and resolution............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(2)(Total 4 marks)
 
3.
The diagram below shows the structure of a triglyceride molecule.
H C O CH C O CH C O CHHOOOA
 (a) (i) Name the part of the molecule labelled A................................................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) Name the type of bond formed between part A and a fatty acid................................................................................................................................................
(1)
(b) Stearic acid and oleic acid are both examples of fatty acids. Each has a hydrocarbon chaincontaining 17 carbon atoms. Stearic acid is a saturated fatty acid but oleic acid is anunsaturated fatty acid.Give
two
ways in which the structure of a stearic acid molecule differs from the structureof an oleic acid molecule.1 ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
 
(2)
 
(c) Describe
two
functions of lipids in animals.1 .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(4)(Total 8 marks)
4.
The diagram below shows a stage in the process of translation during protein synthesis. This process is occurring on a ribosome.
GGGGGGGUUUAAAAACCC1234Amino acidAmino acidsAnticodonPart of a messenger RNA moleculetRNA moleculeRibosome
 (a) Describe the structure of a ribosome.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(2)

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