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mechanical ventilators in icu:-an approach

mechanical ventilators in icu:-an approach

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Published by arti_rajankumar2150
a little effort to understand the ventilators in icu.
a little effort to understand the ventilators in icu.

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Published by: arti_rajankumar2150 on Dec 30, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/09/2014

original

 
 
SEMINAR ONSEMINAR ONMECHANICAL VENTILATIONMECHANICAL VENTILATION
GuideGuideDr. G.Singh (MS)Dr. G.Singh (MS)Co-GuideCo-GuideDr. A.M. Lakra (MD)Dr. A.M. Lakra (MD)
-Rajan Kumar 
 
 
IntroductionIntroduction
Cornerstone for intensive care medicineCornerstone for intensive care medicine
Ventilate is derived from Latin wordVentilate is derived from Latin word
“ventus”“ventus”
meaningmeaning
wind.wind.
VentilationVentilation
is movement of is movement of air air into and outsideinto and outsidethe bodythe body
The ventilators must overcome theThe ventilators must overcome thepressure generated by the elastic recoil of pressure generated by the elastic recoil of the lung at end inspiration plus thethe lung at end inspiration plus theresistance to flow at the airway.resistance to flow at the airway.
Ventilators provide infusion of a blend of air Ventilators provide infusion of a blend of air or oxygen into the circuit.or oxygen into the circuit.
 
 
HistoryHisto
 
ry
InIn
1543, Vesalius1543, Vesalius
demonstrated the ability todemonstrated the ability tomaintain the beating heart in animals with openmaintain the beating heart in animals with openchest.chest.
InIn
1780,1780,
such technique were first applied tosuch technique were first applied tohumanshumans
InIn
1887, fell-o-dwyer apparatus1887, fell-o-dwyer apparatus
was used for was used for translaryngeal ventilation via a bellows.translaryngeal ventilation via a bellows.
InIn
1928, the drinker–Shaw iron lung 1928, the drinker–Shaw iron lung 
based onbased onnegative pressure ventilationnegative pressure ventilation
FromFrom
1930-1950 1930-1950 
– such machines were the – such machines were themainstay in ventilation of mainstay in ventilation of 
victims of poliovictims of polio
 epidemicsepidemics

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