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Soil Vane Shear Test Report New

Soil Vane Shear Test Report New

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Published by fuadfazrin060592
Soil Vane Shear Test
Soil Vane Shear Test

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Published by: fuadfazrin060592 on Jun 08, 2012
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02/13/2014

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INTRODUCTIONThis reference test procedure provides a guideline for execution of field vane tests in cohesivesoils. Normally this indicates the undrained shear strength of the soil. The structural strength of soil is basically a problem of shear strength. Vane shear test is a useful method of measuringthe shear strength of clay. It is a cheaper and quicker method. The test can also be conducted inthe laboratory.The laboratory vane shear test for the measurement of shear strength of cohesive soils is usefulfor soils of low shear strength (less than 0.3 kg/cm
2
) for which triaxial or unconfined testscannot be performed. The test gives the undrained strength of the soil. The undisturbed andremoulded strength obtained are useful for evaluating the sensitivity of soil.
 
The test can bedone at the base of a drill hole or trial pit, or at ground level. If the test is being conducted atthe bottom of a drill hole it is important that the test area has not been disturbed by boring,generally the test is conducted five borehole diameters below the borehole base.
 
OBJECTIVEThis test is used to estimate the undrained shear strength of a soil, and is particularlyappropriate for assessing very soft and sensitive clays, which cannot be tested accurately in alaboratory as it is difficult to obtain an undisturbed sample.
 
PROCEDURESBefore the execution of a vane test it shall be controlled that the vane blades are undamaged.The vane size should be chosen with respect to the actual soil in order that the maximum valueat failure will occur in the upper 2/3 of the total range of the device.Before all tests in boreholes loose soil at the base of the hole must be removed and it shall beassured that an excess pore pressure exists in the borehole. The vane shall be pressed orhammered gently into the soil without rotation, until the base of the blades is two bladeheights below the base of the borehole or the soil surface. However, a depth of 0.2 m belowthe base of the borehole is normally used for vane numbers V4, V5, HVA and HVB, while depthsof 0.3 m and 0.6 m are used for vane number V7.5 and V9.2, respectively.Normally the test is carried out immediately after the vane has been installed. The turn of thehandle shall be performed in a steady manner as slowly as possible. The maximum speed of rotation should be 1 rpm (revolution per minute). The size of the vane and the measuredmaximum torque must be written in a test report together with the depth below soil surface tothe base of the blades.After each test in undisturbed soil the vane shall be given 10 revolutions and the test isrepeated. If less than 10 revolutions are applied this must be stated in the test report. Themeasured maximum torque must also be written in the test report.When vane numbers V4 and V5 are used the procedure mentioned above (test in undisturbedand remoulded soil) may be repeated 0.2 m below the first test. This is called a double test.Tests and double tests in boreholes are normally carried out per 1.0 m depth. Tests with vanenumbers HVA and HVB are normally carried out per 0.2 m depth.

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