INTRODUCTIONThis reference test procedure provides a guideline for execution of field vane tests in cohesivesoils. Normally this indicates the undrained shear strength of the soil. The structural strength of soil is basically a problem of shear strength. Vane shear test is a useful method of measuringthe shear strength of clay. It is a cheaper and quicker method. The test can also be conducted inthe laboratory.The laboratory vane shear test for the measurement of shear strength of cohesive soils is usefulfor soils of low shear strength (less than 0.3 kg/cm
) for which triaxial or unconfined testscannot be performed. The test gives the undrained strength of the soil. The undisturbed andremoulded strength obtained are useful for evaluating the sensitivity of soil.
The test can bedone at the base of a drill hole or trial pit, or at ground level. If the test is being conducted atthe bottom of a drill hole it is important that the test area has not been disturbed by boring,generally the test is conducted five borehole diameters below the borehole base.