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Wind Pressures Analysis By (NBCC) National Building code of Canada

Wind Pressures Analysis By (NBCC) National Building code of Canada

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Published by Afzal Waseem
Assignment No. 3 : Wind Pressures (NBCC) (30-Story Building in Toronto) Assignment 3: Calculations for Wind Pressures (NBCC) (30-Story Building in Toronto) Given Data My Serial No = 33 Nature of Building: Typical Office Building Stories: 30 + 33 = 63 Stories First floor height: 17ft Typical storey height: 13 ft Building height, h: 17 + (62x13) = 823 ft. Location: Toronto, Ontario Wind speed V: 110 mph Terrain: Flat, open country with scattered obstructions having the size of single-family dwelli
Assignment No. 3 : Wind Pressures (NBCC) (30-Story Building in Toronto) Assignment 3: Calculations for Wind Pressures (NBCC) (30-Story Building in Toronto) Given Data My Serial No = 33 Nature of Building: Typical Office Building Stories: 30 + 33 = 63 Stories First floor height: 17ft Typical storey height: 13 ft Building height, h: 17 + (62x13) = 823 ft. Location: Toronto, Ontario Wind speed V: 110 mph Terrain: Flat, open country with scattered obstructions having the size of single-family dwelli

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Published by: Afzal Waseem on Jun 09, 2012
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01/27/2015

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Assignment No. 3 : Wind Pressures (NBCC) (30-Story Building in Toronto)
 
Afzal Waseem 1
Assignment 3: Calculations for Wind Pressures (NBCC) (30-Story Building inToronto)
 
Given Data
My Serial No =
33
Nature of Building:
Typical Office Building
Stories:
30 + 33 = 63 Stories
First floor height:
17ft
Typical storey height:
13 ft
Building height, h:
17 + (62x13) = 823 ft.
Location:
Toronto, Ontario
Wind speed V:
110 mph
Terrain:
Flat, open country with scattered obstructions having the size of single-familydwellings, height generally less than 30 ft
Plan dimensions:
Width ‘W’
 
(along wind) = 98.5 ft (B); Depth ‘D’ (cross wind) = 164 ft; Building
height, H: 823 ft.
Width ‘W’ (along wind)
= 98.5 ft (B) = 30.02 m
Depth ‘D’ (cross wind)
= 164 ft = 49.98 mBuilding lateral-load-resisting system: moment frame with shear walls.
Fundamental period T=
3.12 sec.
Damping co-efficient:
1.5% of critical;
Building density =
195 kg/m
Required:1.
Determine the wind pressure on the windward and leeward sides as well as totalwind pressure on the building.
2.
Total load/ft at each floor level and the Total base shear.
3.
Overturning moment (OTM) at each floor level and total OTM.
4.
 
Calculate maximum along and across-wind accelerations.Comment whether the building is safe and comfortable to occupants under dynamicwind gust effect.
NBCC- wind analysis
The external pressure or suction on the building surface is given by the equation:
 
 
Assignment No. 3 : Wind Pressures (NBCC) (30-Story Building in Toronto)
 
Afzal Waseem 2
If the wind speed NBCC -
wind analysis V is in m/s, the design pressure ‘q’ in kPa, is
obtained by using a value of C = 650 x l0
-6
.
Wind speed V:
110 mph1 mile = 1 609.344 meters1 mph
 
= 0.44704 meters / secondV = 110 mph = 49.1744m/sq = 650 x 10
-6
x (49.1744m/s)
2
= 1.572 kPa
Detailed Procedure:
H= 823 ft = 250.85 m1 foot = 0.3048 meters1 mile = 1 609.344 meters1 mph
 
= 0.44704 meters / secondV = 110 mph = 49.1744m/s
 
Exposure Factor Ce:
Based on the mean wind speed profile, depending on the roughness of terrain beforewind reach the building.
Our Terrain:
Flat, open country with scattered obstructions having the size of single-familydwellings, height generally less than 30 ft
It best fits in
Exposure AExposure A:
The exposure is defined as open, level terrain with only scatteredbuildings, trees or other obstructions and open water or shorelines. Ce for a givenheight (z) is given by:
 
Assignment No. 3 : Wind Pressures (NBCC) (30-Story Building in Toronto)
 
Afzal Waseem 3


 This will vary with the height of the building, where z will be the height of the floor.
Gust Effect Factor (Dynamic Response Factor) Cg:
The dynamic gust response factor is defined as the ratio of peak loading to meanloading
H =250.85m
C
eH
= 2.8

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