1. Introduction : general description of the hotel sector
This application guide aims at describing the use of energy and the potentialenergy savings in the hotel sector, on the basis of theory and practical casestudies. Hotels and restaurants represent some 9% of total energy consumptionin the utility buildings sector. Utility buildings are offices, shops, hotels,restaurants, educational establishments and care institutions.Before going into detail on the energy consumption of a hotel, it is best to get aclear view on the utility sector, the part hotels play in the sector, the number of hotels in Europe and the different types of hotels.
Hotels as part of the utility sector
The hotel trade has gone through a serious evolution and expansion over therecent decades. Tourism is the most important industry in the world economy,both on the employment side as on the consumer side. Around 35% of the totalworld hotel capacity is available in Europe (the European Union and Northernand Eastern Europe). In Table 1 below, the total number of hotels in the differentEuropean countries in 2006 is shown.