•Planning terminology-mission: it is a broadenduring statement giving the organizations“reason for being”.•objectives-:are desired future positions anddestinations the organizations intends to reachin order to fulfill its mission.•Strategies-it’s a general direction in which anobjective is to be sought .•Policies-is a general guideline that directs andconstraints decision –making within anorganization.
ISP essentially involves
•I) Identification of the stage of IS in the org.•ii) Identification of the applications of organizational ISs,•iii) Evaluation of each of these applications,based on established evaluation criteria•iv) Establishing a priority ranking for theseapplication, and•V)Determining the’optimum’architectutre of IS for serving the top priority applications
THE NOLAN STAGE MODEL
•Stage 1-initiation stage-in this, the technology isplaced in the organization's•few applications in the organization arecomputerized•Stage-2 expansion stage-rapid and uncontrolledgrowth in the number and variety of ITapplications take place•Stage-3 formalization or control stage becausein this stage organizations gain control over thetechnology’s resources by implementing formalcontrol processes and standards.