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Family Tree DNA

Family Tree DNA

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Published by aleximreh

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Published by: aleximreh on Jun 09, 2012
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Romania True
Romania- Background
 , Group Administrator
Dan Draghici 
 , Group Administrator
Albert, Albu, Andras, Auerbach, Bajer, Balint, Barasch, Barbu, Barkoff, Begelferikhes, Beleca, Belindean,Blanc, Blanch, Blank, Boangiu, Bodou, Boengiu, Bogdan, Bogen, Bogiu, Boldinski, Bratu, Brendjan, Breuer,
Bricman, Britzman, Bulescu, Caba, Camasov, Chebotar, Chihulca, Ciobanu, Ciocoiu, Ciogolea, Ciubotar,Cojocariu, Crisan, Csurár, Cucu, Czagany, David, Davidova, Dicker, Dinshtein, Dobre, Dobrescu, Donefer,Donghefer, Dootz, Dorman, Draghici, Dwora, Eber, Eberhardt, Finchelstein, Finkelstein, Fisher, Fishman,Gans, Gantz, Ganz, Gaschler, Gherga, Ghimpu, Godea, Goldberg, Goldschmidt, Goldstein, Greenspan,Grosz, Grottanelli, Gruia, Gulevic, Gutzulescu, Halpern, Heim, Helfer, Huhn, Hurgoi, Ica, Iclozan, Iordan,Isaacs, Jurca, Karoly, Kekoni, Kitrosser, Kohlner, Kollner, Kosa, Krivonos, Lalescu, László, Lat, Lazarucz,Leininger, Leipziger, Lita, Lumezeanu, Lupan, Lupescu, Lurz, Maciovan, Macskay, Mandel, Mannherz,Marcovici, Marcu, Markovici, Markowitz, Martazan, Matei, Michalaika, Mihai, Mihalache, Mikolajczak, Mitu,Molano, Moshe, Moskowicz, Munea, Nedelcu, Nemoianu, Neumann, Nicolau, November, Obrenovich, Onuta,Paul, Paulisan, Pertea, Podkalska, Pogrebnoj-Alexandroff, Poltan, Pomohaci, Popa, Pusiak, Quentzel, Rada,
Razmerita, Reda, Renkus, Roizenberg, Rosenberg, Rosenkovitz, Roth, Rotman, Rusu, Schorsch, Schwartz,Sefarti, Semler, Sheindel, Singer, Sladariu, Spassov, Stefanesco, Stern, Sternberg, Struminger, Suboni,Sumurducan, Supureanu, Swarz, Szamosközi, Tabar, Taranu, Tatarliov, Tesman, Toader, Todires, Toma,Tomescu, Trifan, Tuceac, Tuceanu, Tudose, Tuglan, Tuhut, Tuska, Ungureanu, Urovish, Varlan, Varnavatyi,Vasile, Visa, Voinescu, Weigand, Weigandt-Thompson, Weitzman, Wolanski, Wolf, Zablau, Zarnescu
The Romania Dual Y-DNA & mtDNA Project welcomes all who have a direct paternal line and/or direct
maternal line with Romanian ancestry. This includes the National Genographic participants, or those whotested with other companies and wish to transfer their results to FTDNA. Note: In addition to the confines ofRomania, all surnames with Y-DNA/mtDNA Romanian heritage are welcome, irrespective of the location forthe most distant known ancestor. We are also accepting those who have an ancestral connection withRomanian lands, in spite of border changes during the years. As such, we welcome not only those fromRomania, but also from Moldova, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbia (Serbian Banat and Timok), Bulgaria, Israel and
diaspora in general, who have Romanian ancestry (via name, family history or spoken language).Vlachs/Aromanians/Macedo-Romanians/Istro-Romanians are also welcome to join our group. The sameapplies for those with known Hungarian, German, Ashkenazim Jewish(
), Ashkenazim Levites, Serbian etc. roots. Please note thatsubgroups are now created based on haplogroups for both Y-DNA and mtDNA. Initially I grouped members
based on "perceived ethnicity" but the DNA results prompted me to switch to haplogroups instead.PUT YOURSELF ON THE MAP! We would like to encourage everyone to put yourself on the map! Moreabout DNA testing at 
 If you have any questions,please e-mail the administrator and co-administrators. For those of you who do not speak English wellenough, our administrator will be more than happy to assist you and communicate with you directly inRomanian.
Published papers:
Population History of the Dniester-Carpathians: Evidence from Alu Insertion and Y-Chromosome Polymorphisms 
 Dissertation for the Faculty of Biology Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität at München, Germany, AlexandruVarzari, Republic of Moldova, 27 July 2006
Paleo-mtDNA analysis and population genetic aspects of old Thracian populations from South-East of Romania 
 Authors: Cardos G., Stoian V., Miritoiu N., Comsa A., Kroll A., Voss S., Rodewald A. © 2004 RomanianSociety of Legal Medicine
Investigation of the fine structure of European populations with applications to disease association studies 
European Journal of Human Genetics (2008) 16, 1413
1429, Macmillan Publishers Limited 2008
Origins and Divergence of the Roma (Gypsies)
Authors: Gresham et al. (AJHG, 2001)
Genetic Structure of the Paternal Lineage of the Roma People 
 Authors: Horolma Pamjav, Andrea Zalan, Judit Beres, Melinda Nagy and Yuet Meng Chang, AmericanJournal of Physical Anthropology 000:000
000 (2011)ABSTRACT: According to written sources, Roma (Romanies, Gypsies) arrived in the Balkans around 1,000years ago from India and have subsequently spread through several parts of Europe. Genetic data,
particularly from the Y chromosome, have supported this model, and can potentially refine it. We now providean analysis of Y-chromosomal markers from five Roma and two non-Roma populations (N=787) in order toinvestigate the genetic relatedness of the Roma population groups to one another, and to gain furtherunderstanding of their likely Indian origins, the genetic contribution of non-Roma males to the Romapopulations, and the early history of their splits and migrations in Europe. The two main sources of the Romapaternal gene pool were identified as South Asian and European. The reduced diversity and expansion ofH1a-M82 lineages in all Roma groups imply shared descent from a single paternal ancestor in the Indiansubcontinent. The Roma paternal gene pool also contains a specific subset of E1b1b1a-M78 and J2a2-M67lineages, implying admixture during early settlement in the Balkans and the subsequent influx into theCarpathian Basin. Additional admixture, evident in the low and moderate frequencies of typical Europeanhaplogroups I1-M253, I2a-P37.2, I2b-M223, R1b1-P25, and R1a1-M198, has occurred in a more population-specific manner.
The Journey of Mankind - The Peopling of the World Animated Map produced by the BradshawFoundation and Stephen Oppenheimer 
The Origin of Romanians - Wikipedia 
Genetic History of Europe - Wikipedia 
Sephardic Jewish Community of Romania (incl. History and Genealogy)
The Vlachs in Bosnia, by Noel Malcolm 
Interesting information, plus historical and ethnographic maps on Romania:
Romania: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress", Ronald D. Bachman, ed.
1989 .
Haplogroup frequency correlations in Southeastern Europe 
by Dienekes, 29 August 2005
A New Genetic Map of Living Humans in Interconnected World Region 
 "The modern kingdom of Rumania consists of the provinces of Moldavia, Wallachia, Dobruja, Bessarabia,Transylvania, part of the Banat, and the Bukovina. The last four, while the majority of their inhabitants areRumanians, have been Rumanian territory only since the World War. Moldavia is bounded on the west by thecrest of the Carpathians, on the east by the Pruth River; Wallachia is bounded on the north by theTransylvanian Alps, and on the south by the Danube. Dobruja is the plain lying between the northward curveof the Danube and the Black Sea; it includes the important seaport of Constanza. In Moldavia and Wallachiathe great majority of the population is Rumanian; the same is true to a large extent of Bessarabia, but inTransylvania there are large populations of Germans and of Magyars, already discussed in previous sections.In the Banat again there are many Hungarians, and a number of Serbs, while in the Dobruja lives one of themost scrambled populations of Europe. Here Bulgars, Ottoman Turks, Tatars, Gaguz, who claim to bedescendants of the Kumans, Armenians, Kurds, Caucasic peoples, and a few of almost all the other peoplesof Eastern Europe and western Asia are to be found. The Dobruja is as varied as the contents of anethnological museum, and like a museum, each group clings tenaciously to everything that is its own. Theinhabitants of Dobruja include, of course, both Gypsies and Jews, and Rumania is one of the greatestconcentration points for both in Europe. The Jews form 5 per cent of the population of the pre-war section of
the kingdom, and are especially numerous in northern Moldavia and the Bukovina, where their zone ofconcentration forms an extension of that in Polish Galicia. The Moldavian Jews, who are mainly of Polish orRussian antecedents, speak their own language, wear a separate costume, and mix little if at all with theRumanian population.In classical times Transylvania, Wallachia, and Moldavia formed what known as Dacia, and the Dacians were
considered to be a branch of the Thracians. The Dacians included an upper class, distinguished by thepractice of wearing brimless felt hats, Scythian style, and a peasantry, among whom the men went bare-headed, with their hair long, as do the older and more conservative of the present-day Rumanian peasants.Between 105 and 107 A.D. Trajan conquered Dacia, and made it a Roman province; the warlike inhabitants,who had long resisted the Romans, fled in great numbers, while their villages were being plundered; later,many are said to have returned. The Romans placed many colonists in Dacia, and for its defense establishedthere the permanent headquarters of the thirteenth legion. In 256 A.D. the Goths arrived, and the Romansbegan a hasty departure; it is likely that many of the inhabitants of the country left with them. During thecentury and a half of Roman rule, the language of Dacia became Latin, and modern Rumanian is withoutdoubt a descendant of that colonial speech. During the maximum extension of the empire, Latin and its
derivatives were spoken in a wide zone peripheral to Rome, including the Iberian peninsula, Gaul,Switzerland, the Tyrol, and much of the territory lying between the head of the Adriatic and the Black Sea.Albanian, with its strong Latin infusion, must be considered a partial product of this extension; elsewhereLadin, Romansch, and Rumanian must be considered survivals in the face of the barbarian invasions whichconverted most of southeastern Europe to Germanic, Slavic, Uralic, and Altaic speech.Foreigners designate Rumanians and Rumanian speakers by the term Vlach; the Vlachs are the Rumanianspeakers to be found throughout southeastern Europe, whether living in Rumania, Bulgaria, Greece, Albania,Yugoslavia, or elsewhere. The word Vlach, which is a derivative from the Gothic, by way of Slavic, means
“foreigner”; it is a cognate of our own word “Welsh,” used by the Anglo
-Saxons to designate Kymric-speaking
Britons, and of “Walloon.” The modern Vlach language, while basically Latin, shares with Albanian certain
structural peculiarities which it must derive from Thracian or Illyrian, and at the same time contains a largenumber of Slavic roots. The use of a Romance language in Rumania today is not a simple case of aRomanized Dacian survival; the history of Rumania is too complicated to permit this explanation alone. Afterthe departure of the Romans, Dacia was overrun by Goths, by Slavs, by Bulgars, by many kinds of Tatars,and by Ottoman Turks. It is very likely that the Vlach survival in these lands was only partial until the lateMiddle Ages, when the peasants who had resisted the inroads of these conquerors were joined by theirkinsmen returning from Bulgaria and Macedonia, and from beyond the Carpathians. Since then the expansionof the Vlachs in what is now Rumania has been constant and, east of the Carpathians, nearly complete. TheVlachs have always been far wanderers; many of them are shepherds, and the pastoral life has been asimportant to them, until modern times, as agriculture.In Macedonia and northern Greece, and in Southern Albania, Vlach colonists are nomads living in black tents

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