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Lecture03_BrainAnatomy

Lecture03_BrainAnatomy

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Published by Naveen Eldose RN
Introduction to the Brain
• Anatomic Structure • Blood Vessels • Functional Organization

A Neuroanatomy primer.

1

Gross surface anatomy of the human brain.
References: Duvernoy, H. The Human Brain: Surface, Blood Supply, and Three-Dimensional Sectional Anatomy, 3rd Edition, 1999: Absolutely the best atlas of the human brain and blood supply.

Nolte, J. The Human Brain 3rd Edition, Mosby Year Book, 1993: Good coronal slices and great in depth text on whole brain anatomy and motor pathways

Da
Introduction to the Brain
• Anatomic Structure • Blood Vessels • Functional Organization

A Neuroanatomy primer.

1

Gross surface anatomy of the human brain.
References: Duvernoy, H. The Human Brain: Surface, Blood Supply, and Three-Dimensional Sectional Anatomy, 3rd Edition, 1999: Absolutely the best atlas of the human brain and blood supply.

Nolte, J. The Human Brain 3rd Edition, Mosby Year Book, 1993: Good coronal slices and great in depth text on whole brain anatomy and motor pathways

Da

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Published by: Naveen Eldose RN on Jun 10, 2012
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1
Introduction to the Brain
Anatomic StructureBlood VesselsFunctional Organization
A Neuroanatomy primer.
 
2
Gross surface anatomy of the human brain.
References:Duvernoy, H. The Human Brain: Surface, Blood Supply, and Three-DimensionalSectional Anatomy, 3
rd
Edition, 1999: Absolutely the best atlas of the human brainand blood supply.Nolte, J. The Human Brain 3
rd
Edition, MosbyYear Book, 1993:Good coronal slices and great in depth text on whole brain anatomy and motorpathwaysDamasio, H. Human Brain Anatomy in Computerized Images, Oxford University Press,1995: Old but purely visual book that’s worth looking throughA myriad of web sites –surf to your heart’s content!
http://www.neuropat.dote.hu/anastru/anastru.htm-this site has great coronal imageshttp://www.neuropat.dote.hu/atlas.html-same as the above site but with fantastic pathology picturesfor those interestedhttp://www.med.harvard.edu/AANLIB/home.html-nice neuropathology and movies of angiogramshttp://www.neuroguide.com/neuroimg_1.html#human_neuroanatomy –couldn’t get this one to work attime of writing this –but it looks interesting!
 
Defining the lobes
central (rolandic)sulcussylvyan(lateral) sulcusfrontal lobetemporal lobeoccipitallobeparietal lobe
14 Major Sulci
Main sulci are formed early in developmentFissures are really deep sulci
Typically continuous sulci•Interhemisphericfissure•Sylvianfissure•Parieto-occipital fissure•Collateral sulcus•Central sulcus•Calcarine SulcusTypically discontinuous sulci•Superior frontal sulcus•Inferior frontal sulcus•Postcentralsulcus•Intraparietalsulcus•Superior temporal sulcus•Inferior temporal sulcus•Cingulate sulcus•Precentral sulcusOther minor sulci are much less reliable
Source: Ono, 1990 
InterhemisphericFissure
-
hugely deep (down to corpus callosum)-divides brain into 2 hemispheres-deep, mostly horizontal-insula(purple) is buried within it-separates temporal lobe from parietal and frontal lobes
SylvianFissure
SylvianFissure (or lateral sulcus)
 
3
Parieto-occipital Fissure and Calcarine Sulcus
Parieto-occipital fissure (red)-very deep-often Y-shaped from sagittal view, X-shapedin horizontal and coronal viewsCalcarine sulcus (blue)-contains V1Cuneus (pink)-visual areas on medial side abovecalcarine (lower visual field)Lingual gyrus (yellow)-visual areas on medial side belowcalcarine and above collateral sulcus(upper visual field)
Collateral Sulcus
-divides lingual (yellow) and parahippocampal(green) gyri from fusiform gyrus (pink)
Cingulate Sulcus
-
divides cingulate gyrus (turquoise) from precuneus (purple) and paracentrallobule (gold)
Central, Postcentraland Precentral Sulci
Central Sulcus (red)-usually freestanding (no intersections)-just anterior to ascending cingulatePostcentralSulcus (red)-often in two parts (superior and inferior)-often intersects with intraparietalsulcus-marks posterior end of postcentralgyrus(somatosensory strip, purple)Precentral Sulcus (red)-often in two parts (superior and inferior)-intersects with superior frontal sulcus (T- junction)-marks anterior end of precentral gyrus (motorstrip, yellow)
ascending bandof the cingulate
IntraparietalSulcus
-
anterior end usually intersects with inferior postcentral(some texts call inferior postcentraltheascending intraparietalsulcus)-posterior end usually forms a T-junction with the transverse occipital sulcus (just posterior tothe parieto-occipital fissure)-IPS divides the superior parietal lobule from the inferior parietal lobule (angular gyrus, gold, andsupramarginal gyrus, lime)
POF
Slice Views
inverted omega= hand area of motor cortex

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