Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
5Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Transistor

Transistor

Ratings: (0)|Views: 797|Likes:
Published by yatendra kashyap

More info:

Published by: yatendra kashyap on Jan 01, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/03/2010

 
EXPERIMENT NO.OBJECT :-
 To study the different characteristics of CB mode of transistor.
APRRATUS REQUIRED :
- Transistor trainer kit and connecting lead.
THEORY :-
 The bipolar junction transistor is fabricated with thesemiconductor region. The three regions are called Emitter, Base and Collector. There are two P-N junctions in transistor the first junction is called base-emitter junction and second are called base-collector junction. There are two types of transistor :-1. NPN Transistor2. PNP TransistorAn NPN transistor is fabricated by P-type material between two N-type region andPNP
transistor is fabricated by N-type material between two P-type type regions.
Thus in NPN Transistor :-
Emitter-N-type
Base-P-type
Collector-N-typeAnd In PNP transistor :
Emitter-P-type
Base-N-type
Collector-P-type The symbolic representation of PNP and NPN transistor is shown below :- CollectorPNPEmitterBaseNPNEmitterCollectorBaseWhen we use transistor to amplify the signal we are required four terminals, twoin input circuit and two in output circuit but in transistor only three terminals sofound thus we have to require one terminal of transistor common in both inputand output circuit due to this there are three mode of transistor :-
CB mode (common Base mode)
 
CE mode (common Emitter mode)
CC mode (common Collector mode)In the circuit diagram of cell modes always we keep the input circuit in forwardbias and output circuit in reverse bias.
CB MODE :-
In this mode the base terminal of transistor is used as a commonterminal in input and output circuit .The circuit diagram for CB mode of PNPtransistor is shown in figure:-
 
I
e
ECI
c
mA
1
mA
2
B
V
1
V
2
CHARACTERISTICS OF CB MODE
:- There are three characteristics intransistors :-
Input Characteristics Rin = V1/∆I1
Output Characteristics Rout = ∆V2/I2
 Transfer Characteristics Current gain = ∆I2/∆I1
INPUT CHARACTERISTICS
:- This characteristics shows the change in inputcircuit. For this characteristic we get different-different change in input currentwhen input voltages are applied at constant output voltage.
Observation table for input characteristics:S.NOV1 (volt) IE(mA)
V2=2V V2=4VV2=6V1.2.3.4.5.6.7.
 
According to observation we plot the graph between input voltage and current atdifferent values of constant output voltages as shown in following graph :yI (mA)XV (Volt) This characteristics is same as P-N junction diode by this characteristics weobtain input resistance by following formula :Rin = ( ∆V1/∆I1) V2
OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS :
This characteristics gives the changes in outputcircuit when input current is constant .To plot this characteristics we get differentchanges in output circuit when output voltage is applied aat costant inputcurrent.
Observation table for Output characteristics:
S.NOV2 (volt) I2(mA)I1=2mA I1=4mAI1=6mA1.2.3.4.5.6.7.After taking observation we plot the graph between output voltage and outputcurrent at different constant input current as shown in following figure:yI 2 (mA)

Activity (5)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
black jack liked this
aconck liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->