JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE / June 2000Gilgun et al. / RESOURCES IN MODELS OF RISK
Thisstudywasatestofgeneralhypothesesonthesignificanceofresourcestorisk-onlymodels. Itspurposewastotestwhetheraddingresourcestomodelsofriskwouldmovesomeparticipants from high-risk to lower risk categories. To do this test, the authors used a known-group logistichierarchical regression analysis composed of 1,311 male and female prison inmates, and twodifferent samples of male and female noninmates totaling 1,703 comparison participants. Theauthorsfoundthroughfourseparateteststhataddingresourcessignificantlyincreasedthefitof themodelandthepercentagesofcorrectlyclassifiedinmatesandnoninmates.Theresultsofthe present research provide empirical support for the idea that risk-only models leave out impor-tantinformationrelatedtoresources.Assessmentsthatincludepersonal,familial,andcommunityresourcesandriskswillbemoreaccurateandcomprehensivethanthosethatfocusonrisksalone.
The Significance of Resourcesin Models of Risk
JANE F. GILGUNCHRISTIAN KLEIN
University of Minnesota, Twin Cities
Minnesota Department of Corrections, St. Paul
, research on risk and resilience has demonstratedthat many persons have risks for violent behaviors, but that only a portionbecome violent (Egeland, Jacobvitz, & Sroufe, 1987; Gilgun, 1996b;Kaufman & Zigler, 1987; Kruttschnitt, Ward, & Sheble, l987; Richters &Martinez, 1993; Werner & Smith, 1992). Individuals who turn out well,despiterisks,haveresourceswithinthemselves,theirfamilies,andtheircom-munities that they actively use to cope with, adapt to, or overcome risks(Cicchetti, Rogosch, Lynch, & Holt, 1993; Hawkins, Catalano, & Miller,
631Authors’Note: Jane F. Gilgun, Ph.D., Licenced Independent Clinical Social Worker, is pro-fessor,SchoolofSocialWork,UniversityofMinnesota,105PetersHall,1404GortnerAvenue,St.Paul,MN55108;email@example.com.ChristianKleinisaPh.D.candidate,depart-ment of psychology, N218 Elliott Hall, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455. KayPranis is restorative justice planner, Minnesota Department of Corrections, 1450 Energy ParkDrive, Suite 200, St. Paul MN 55109-5219; e-mail = firstname.lastname@example.org. This studywas commissioned by the Minnesota State Legislature through the Minnesota Department of Corrections, which subcontracted with the Minnesota Citizens Council on Crime and Justice,located in Minneapolis, to conduct the research. The authors would like to thank MichaelResnick and Trish Beuhring of the National Adolescent Health Resource Center, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, and Richard Ericson, executive director, emeritus, Minnesota Councilon Crime & Justice, for their help in this research.
JOURNAL OF INTERPERSONAL VIOLENCE, Vol. 15 No. 6, June 2000 631-650© 2000 Sage Publications, Inc.