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DEATH AND EXİLE - The Ethnic Cleansing of Ottoman Muslims 1821 1922

DEATH AND EXİLE - The Ethnic Cleansing of Ottoman Muslims 1821 1922

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Published by Yasef Bay
I came to this study of Muslim mortality and migration from research on the
population of the Ottoman Empire in World War I. My interest at the time
lay simply in ascertaining how many Muslims had lived in Anatolia and how
their population had changed in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The
results of the study amazed me, for nothing in my previous readings on
Ottoman history had prepared me for the great mortality of the period. The
statistics said that one-fourth of the Muslim population had been lost. I
could not believe that such loss had been glossed over in the histories, but
checking and rechecking the data left the same conclusion. Not only during
World War I, but all through the nineteenth century, the Muslim peoples of
Anatolia, the Crimea, the Balkans, and the Caucasus had suffered
overwhelming mortality. Their losses were worthy of further research.
I came to this study of Muslim mortality and migration from research on the
population of the Ottoman Empire in World War I. My interest at the time
lay simply in ascertaining how many Muslims had lived in Anatolia and how
their population had changed in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The
results of the study amazed me, for nothing in my previous readings on
Ottoman history had prepared me for the great mortality of the period. The
statistics said that one-fourth of the Muslim population had been lost. I
could not believe that such loss had been glossed over in the histories, but
checking and rechecking the data left the same conclusion. Not only during
World War I, but all through the nineteenth century, the Muslim peoples of
Anatolia, the Crimea, the Balkans, and the Caucasus had suffered
overwhelming mortality. Their losses were worthy of further research.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Yasef Bay on Jun 11, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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DEATH AND EXILE
The Ethnic Cleansing of OttomanMuslims 1821-1922
by Justin McCarthyTHE DARWIN PRESS, INC. PRINCETON, NEW JERSEY-iii-
Questia Media America, Inc.
www.questia.com
 
Publication Information:
Book Title: Death and Exile: The Ethnic Cleansing of OttomanMuslims, 1821-1922. Contributors: Justin McCarthy - author. Publisher: Darwin Press.Place of Publication: Princeton, NJ. Publication Year: 1995. Page Number: iii.
Copyright © 1995 by Justin McCarthy. All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, translated, stored in a retrieval system, ortransmitted, in any form, by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, orotherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher, except in the case of brief quotationsin critical articles or reviews.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication DataMcCarthy, Justin.
Death and exile : the ethnic cleansing of Ottoman Muslims
. 1821-1922 / byJustin McCarthy. P. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN0-87850-094-4: $35.00 1. Muslims -- Relocation -- History. 2. Turks --Relocation -- History. 3. Muslims -- Balkan Peninsula -- Relocation. 4.Muslims -- Caucasus-Relocation. 5. Muslims -- Ukraine -- Crimes --Relocation. 6. Turkey-Emigration and immigration -- History -- 19th century.7. Turkey-Emigration and immigration -- History -- 20th century. 8. Muslims--Crimes against. I. Title.DR27.M87M33 1995949.61'015-- dc20
 
95-1282CIPThe paper in this book is acid-free neutral pH stock and meets theguidelines for permanence and durability of the Committee on ProductionGuidelines for Book Longevity of the Council on Library Resources.Printed in the United States of America.Third printing,1999-iv-
Questia Media America, Inc.
www.questia.com
 
Publication Information:
Book Title: Death and Exile: The Ethnic Cleansing of OttomanMuslims, 1821-1922. Contributors: Justin McCarthy - author. Publisher: Darwin Press.Place of Publication: Princeton, NJ. Publication Year: 1995. Page Number: iv.
To Carolyn Beth-v-
Questia Media America, Inc.
www.questia.com
 
Publication Information:
Book Title: Death and Exile: The Ethnic Cleansing of OttomanMuslims, 1821-1922. Contributors: Justin McCarthy - author. Publisher: Darwin Press.Place of Publication: Princeton, NJ. Publication Year: 1995. Page Number: v.
CONTENTS
Maps and Tables
ix
Spelling and Pronounciation
xi
Acknowledgments
xiii
Introduction
xv
 
 
Chapter One: The Land To Be Lost
1
Chapter Two: Eastern Anatolia and the Caucasus
23
Chapter Three: Bulgaria
59
Chapter Four: The East, 1878 to 1914
109
Chapter Five: The Balkan Wars
135
Chapter Six: The Final War in the East
179
Chapter Seven: The Final War in the West
255
Chapter Eight: The End of the Muslim Land
333
Appendix: Methodology and Calculations
341
Bibliography
347
 
Index
359-vii-
Questia Media America, Inc.
www.questia.com
 
Publication Information:
Book Title: Death and Exile: The Ethnic Cleansing of OttomanMuslims, 1821-1922. Contributors: Justin McCarthy - author. Publisher: Darwin Press.Place of Publication: Princeton, NJ. Publication Year: 1995. Page Number: vii.
MAPS
Ottoman Europe and Anatolia in 1800
4
Ottoman Europe in 1800
9
Eastern Anatolia in 1856
24
Ottoman Europe in 1877
63
Ottoman Balkans in 1912
137
Eastern Anatolia and the Southern Caucasus in1914
181
Cilicia
203

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