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IE324 Lecture Week13 Scheduling III

# IE324 Lecture Week13 Scheduling III

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scheduling
scheduling

Published by: Elizabeth RC Tudor on Jun 11, 2012

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06/11/2012

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Operations Scheduling
part 3
Source
: Sipper and Bulfin,
Production Planning, Control and Integration,
McGraw

Hill
.

Job shops - Bottleneck Scheduling
18/5/2011IE324-Week 13 Operations Scheduling
2
o
The bottleneck machine should drive the schedule forthe whole shop.
o
We study one simple method for bottleneckscheduling.
1.Find the bottleneck machine.2.Schedule the bottleneck machine effectively.3.The other machines are made to comply to this schedule.
o
Machines after the bottleneck (downstream) are forward scheduledby the dispatching rules.
o
Machines before the bottleneck (upstream) are backward scheduledusing due dates (as in MRP).

Job shops - Bottleneck Scheduling
18/5/2011IE324-Week 13 Operations Scheduling
3
o
Finding the bottleneck machine

o
By observation: piles of WIP in front of the bottleneck.
o
Estimate the workload on each machine
o
Ʃ
Processing times of jobs on the machine / scheduling horizon.(34 hours of processing time / 40 hours in a week) x 100=85%.
o
The machine with the highest workload % would likely be the bottleneck.
o
Scheduling the bottleneck machine
o
Let
o
: job
o
b
: bottleneck machine (
j=b
)
o
p
i j
: processing time of job
on machine
j
o
: ready time of job
at the shop
o
: due date of job
o
b
: bottleneck release time for job
(time job
arrives at
b
)
o
b
: bottleneck due date for job
(time when job
should leave
b
)

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