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EF Lens Work III - Part 08

EF Lens Work III - Part 08

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Published by ahhoi

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Published by: ahhoi on Jan 02, 2009
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09/05/2010

 
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 Photo Techniques 
 
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Portraits
Photography that takes advantage of the superiority of large-aperture lenses 
Communication between the photographer andthe model in portrait photography is veryimportant. For this reason among others, lensesbetween 50mm and 135mm are often used, inorder to maintain a certain distance from themodel. The standard zoom lenses which areoften sold together with camera bodies coverthis focal length range, and are thereforegenerally suitable for this type of photography.Sometimes, however, it is necessary in portrait photography to use a large-aperture lens with alarger maximum aperture than is offered withsuch zoom lenses. It goes without saying that getting the most out of the lenses you alreadyhave is a good thing, but the powerful effect afforded by a large-aperture lens is the
ne plus ultra 
of interchangeable lenses in SLRphotography.The first element is the beauty of the blur. Thewider the aperture, the shallower the depth of field becomes, increasing the blur in the out-of-focus areas. 85mm lenses, which are often usedfor portrait photography, can deliver animpressionistic background blur effect sincethey are much brighter than zoom lenses.Single focal length lenses generally have abrighter maximum aperture than zoom lenses,making them ideal for photography using ashallower depth of field. And of course if youwant to reduce the blur a bit all you have to dois close the aperture the required amount,which gives large-aperture lenses a broaderrange of expressiveness.
When shooting with a large-aparture lens with the apertureopen, only the main object clearly stands out.When using a standard zoom lens,the background might notsufficiently blur even when photographing with the apertureopen.
Using f/1.2Using f/4.5
This was photographed using the EF85mm f/1.2L
@
USM medium telephoto zoom lens,which isthe standard portrait lens.The objective is to focus on the eyes and adjust the image using a blureffect to transmit a feeling of the surroundings.
 
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This is a hand-held photograph of a city corner at nightfall using an EF28-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS USM.The shutter speed was slow and the image is notclear due to shaking.The images of the person in the front and the background appear crisp.Theimages of the people walking in the background are blurred showing that thisphotograph was taken with a slow shutter speed.
Canon has a large line-up of large-aperture lenseswithoutstanding optical characteristics. Not only do they allow youto emphasise the subject with their shallow depth of field, but they also deliver excellent image quality compared to zoomlenses.The extremely shallow depth of field offered by large-aperturelenseswhen used at maximum aperture means that you haveto beextra careful with focusing. Most USM lensesareequipped with full-time manual focusing, making it possible tomake small adjustments to the focus even when in autofocusmode, whichcan beagreat help when you have to get theright focus rapidly in difficult focusing conditions.
IS lenses which make shake-free handheld photography possible even in dark places 
Portrait photography is not always done outside on sunnydays or in a studio with professional lighting equipment.Often the greatest photo ops come outside at dusk or in apoorly lit interior. And there are many places that don’t allowthe use of tripods. All of these difficult lighting situations areideal for IS lenses to show off their capabilities.No matter how beautiful the model’s smile or the location,any hand movement during the shot will ruin the photograph.This type of shaking requires the utmost caution and attentionespecially when blowing up photographs taken with digitalcameras.Methods for preventing the shaking effect of hand movement include using a flash, high sensitivity film for film cameras,and a high ISO sensitivity setting for digital cameras.However,flashescan destroy the lighting atmosphere of alocation, high-sensitivity film is grainy, and a high-sensitivitysetting on a digital camera will cause noise to begenerated in
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