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Arrow EIS Highlights

Arrow EIS Highlights

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Published by: Ursula Monsiegneur on Jun 11, 2012
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Arrow Energy Surat Gas Project EIS
Written comments in relation to the EIS are invited from any person within thesubmission period.
The submission period starts Friday, 16 March 2012 and endson Thursday, 14 June 2012.
Submissions should be addressed to:The Chief ExecutiveAttention: The EIS Coordinator (Surat Gas Project)Statewide Environmental AssessmentsDepartment of Environment and Resource ManagementGPO Box 2454Level 8, 400 George StreetBRISBANE QLD 4001or by email to eis@derm.qld.gov.au.The chief executive will accept all properly made submissions and may accept writtensubmissions even if they are not properly made. A properly made submission is onethat:
is written
is signed by or for each person who made the submission
states the name and address of each signatory
is made to the chief executive
is received on or before the last day of the submission periodFor further information regarding the EIS process for this proposal, contact the EIScoordinator by calling 13 GOV (13 74 68) or emailing eis@derm.qld.gov.au.
5.2.1 Production Wells
Throughout the life of the project (35 years expected), about 7,500 production wellswill be drilled across the project development area at a rate of approximately 400 wells per year.
 
Figure 1.2 portrays the expected number of proposed production wells in each of thefive development regions over the life of the project.Production wells will generally be 300 m to 750 m deep depending on the depth of thecoal seams. Extremely shallow or deep coal seams typically do not containeconomically viable coal seam gas reserves.Arrow proposes to install production wells on an 800-m-grid spacing. This equates toan indicative density of one well per 65 to 130 ha (160 to 320 acres).Based on a 65-ha-block-centred layout (approximate 800-m-grid spacing), this equatesto indicative production well densities of:
Forty wells in an area 5 km by 5 km.
One hundred fifty wells in an area 10 km by 10 km.
Three hundred wells in an area 14 km by 14 km.Wells do not need to be placed on a precise grid and may be spaced as far apart as1,500 m depending on such constraints such as environmental and social values,economics, reservoir characteristics and existing land use. As gas production rampsdown, in-fill wells may be drilled between existing well locations to improve gasrecovery and production.The life of a production well will vary in accordance with the density of wells, the gasextraction rate and the production performance of the well. Production performance is predominantly dependent on the physical characteristics of the coal. Modelling of welllife is based on probabilities and averages and Arrow’s current modelling suggests anaverage well life of 15 to 20 years.Surface facilities associated with a production well include a water pump, a generator and separation equipment. Construction and operation of production wells are describedin Section 5.5, Construction, and Section 5.6, Operations and Maintenance,respectively.
5.2.4 Water Treatment and Storage Facilities
Coal seam gas production often requires the removal of large quantities of water todepressurise coal seams to allow the gas to flow. Dewatering can take weeks or up toseveral years, depending on the characteristics of the coal seam. Typically, Arrow hasobserved a six-month timeframe to dewater a production well before gas will flow and18 months for a well to reach peak gas production. A typical gas versus water  production curve is shown in Figure 5.7.Coal seam gas water production across the project development area is variable but isestimated to average 22 GL per annum and peak at about 43 GL per annum over the lifeof the project. The predicted annual average coal seam gas water production rates over the life of the project are presented in Figure 5.8.Arrow maintains water balance models for long-term planning and management of coalseam gas water in connection with its existing production wells in the Walloon Coal
 
Measures. The modelling is reviewed and updated quarterly in alignment with the production-forecasting schedule. Such models and modelling will be applied to the planning and management of coal seam gas water across the Surat Gas Projectdevelopment area.The coal seam gas water quality from the Walloon Coal Measures can vary from freshwater (water with very few other elements) to saline or highly turbid water. Coal seamgas water from the Surat Basin typically has the following characteristics:
 pH of approximately 7 to 11.
Salinity in the range of 3,000 to 8,000 mg/L (i.e., brackish) and total dissolvedsolids (TDS) including sodium salts, bicarbonate salts and others.
Suspended solids from the well that will usually settle out over time.
Other ions including calcium, magnesium, potassium, fluoride, bromine, siliconand sulphate (as SO
4
).
Trace metals and low levels of nutrients.
Infrastructure required for the treatment and storage of coal seam gas water includes:
Feedwater and treated water storage dams.
Treatment facilities for coal seam gas water.
Brine storage dams.
Treated coal seam gas water and brine distribution infrastructure.
Water Treatment Facilities
Arrow has undertaken a comprehensive assessment to evaluate the various technologiesavailable for the treatment of coal seam gas water. At the time of writing, reverseosmosis had been selected as the treatment technology of choice; however, Arrow willcontinue to investigate new and emerging technologies to evaluate their applicability tooperations based on economics, energy consumption, brine recovery and environmentalfootprint of the technology.Each integrated processing facility will contain a reverse osmosis water treatment plantwith 30 to 60 ML/d of modular water treatment capacity (Plate 5.2).

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