Animal Health Research Institute-New Valley
Role of Cryptosporidial infection as a pathogen of neonatal calf diarrhea in Assiut GovernorateByF. A. Osman and A. H. Sadiek*
Dept. of Animal Medicine, Faculty of Vet. Medicine- Assiut University
The present study was conducted on 220 neonate diarrheic calves aged 1-60 days, during the period from November 2007 to April 2008, among of which 200 calves, were suffering profuse diarrhea. Complete clinicalexamination of diarrheic calves was carried out. Fecal and blood sampleswere collected for detection of
by both direct standardfecal examination and by modified Ziel- Neelsen staining. Variabledegrees of mucoid, blood stained profuse diarrhea, apathy, loss of suckling affinity, straining, dehydration and recumbency were the mainsigns observed. The prevalence of cryptosporidaial infection amongdiarrheic calves in this study was 21 %. The highest rate of infection wasin calves aged 10 - 30 days (73.8 %), while the lowest rate of infectionwas in calves aged 1 - 10 days (7.14 %). Mixed infection with coccidial
was noticed in 7 cases (16.8 %) and with
in 2 cases (4.8%). The co-existent diarrhea and dehydration were associated withhemoconcentration which is represented by significant increase in PCV, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), hyponatremia, hypochloremia, hyperkalemiaand hypoglycemia. Significant increase ( p<0.01) in TWBCs may suggestan associating bacterial infection. Some infected calves was complicatedwith bronchopneumonia, among of which 2 cases has been died. It could be concluded that
is recognized as an important primaryor secondary pathogen in neonates diarrheic calves, resulting in severeeconomic losses in neonates. Other causes such as bacteria and viruscould not be excluded.
Keyword : Neonate calves, Cryptosporidium, Diarrhea
Neonatal calf diarrhea is considered one of the most common andeconomically devastating conditions encountered in raising calf industry.Diarrhea in neonate calves is facilitated by many hygienic, nutritional,environmental and managemental stress factors in addition to bacteriasuch as E
. coli, rota and corona
viruses (Mackenzie et al., 1994).
is considered the most important protozoan causing