RAVALI.PENNADA, B.JYOTHI / International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications (IJERA)ISSN: 2248-9622 www.ijera.com
Vol. 2, Issue 3, May-Jun 2012, pp.1230-1235
1230 | Page
Modeling of Switched-Capacitor and Diode-Clamped MultilevelConverter for Induction Motor Application
RAVALI. PENNADA B.JYOTHI
M-Tech Scholar, Power Electronics and Drives, Assistant Professor in Electrical and Electronics EngineeringDepartment Of Electrical And Electronics Engineering, Department Of Electrical And Electronics Engineering,Koneru Lakshmaiah University, Guntur,(A.P), Koneru Lakshmaiah University, Guntur,(A.P),India. India.
The concept of multilevel inverters,introduced about 20 years ago entails performing powerconversion in multiple voltage steps to obtain improvedpower quality, lower switching losses, betterelectromagnetic compatibility, and higher voltagecapability. The benefits are especially clear for medium-voltage drives in industrial applications and are beingconsidered for future naval ship propulsion systems.
Thenovel multilevel circuit topologies are proposed in this paper.They are called multilevel circuit topologies based on switched-capacitor and diode-clamped converters (MCT-BSD). Thetopology structure and the operation principle, including the
working states’ transitions of the diode
-clamped part, thevoltages balancing mechanism of the dc link capacitors, andthe pulse width modulated carrier control strategy are given.The switchedcapacitor circuits contribute not only to balancingthe voltages of capacitors but also to boosting the outputvoltage with a certain input dc voltage. Finally a three phaseinduction motor is driven thorough the proposed converter.
Induction Motor, Multilevel Inverter,Cascaded H-Bridge
With the advancement of power electronics andemergence of new multilevel converter topologies, it ispossible to work at voltage levels beyond the classicsemiconductor limits. The multilevel converters achievehigh-voltage switching by means of a series of voltagesteps, each of which lies within the ratings of the individualpower devices. Among the multilevel Converters [1-4], thecascaded H-bridge topology (CHB) is particularly attractivein high-voltage applications, because it requires the leastnumber of components to synthesize the same number of voltage levels.Additionally, due to its modular structure, thehardware implementation is rather simple and themaintenance operation is easier than alternative multilevelconverters. The multilevel voltage source inverter isrecently applied in many industrial applications such as acpower supplies, static VAR compensators, drive systems,etc. One of the significant advantages of multilevelconfiguration is the harmonic reduction in the outputwaveform without increasing switching frequency ordecreasing the inverter power output [5-11]. The outputvoltage waveform of a multilevel inverter is composed of the number of levels of voltages, typically obtained fromcapacitor voltage sources. The so-called multilevel startsfrom three levels. As the number of levels reach infinity, theoutput THD approaches zero.To balance the voltage of dc link series capacitors,three main approaches have been proposed in the publishedpapers: 1) using separate dc sources ; 2) adding someauxiliary balancing circuits , ; 3) improving thecontrol method by selecting redundant switching states ,. In some proposed auxiliary balancing circuits, SMPSinductors or series-resonance circuits are adopted to transferenergy between unbalanced capacitors , . Byauxiliary circuits, the transferred current or power can becontrolled accurately, but the additional feedback controlstrategies are also needed, so the control of these convertersbecomes more complicated, and converters are less reliable.A four-leg NPC inverter based on the flying capacitortopology is presented in . The fourth leg is added to atraditional three-level inverter to balance the capacitors withits redundant states, which is able to substitute any otherlegs in the case of failure. But the detection of the voltagesof capacitors and the directions of currents through thecapacitors are needed. For a higher level converter, thedetections become rather complex. For three-phasemultilevel inverters with the space vector pulse widthmodulation (SVPWM) method , , some redundantstates can be selected to balance dc link capacitor voltageswithout any auxiliary circuits. However, the SVPWMmethod works only in a low modulation index range, andresults in degradation of output voltage quality. On the otherhand, the control algorithm complexity of the SVPWMmethod is increased dramatically with the increase of levelnumber. For a three-level diode-clamped converter, theunbalance problems are solved well by such aforesaidapproaches, but for higher level ones, more suitableapproaches are still needed.