I/O and video circuitry as an integral part of the board. They also provide the physical connectionsfor the unit’s parallel and serial I/O ports, as well as onboard connectors for the disk drives, displayunit, and keyboard units.The computer’s external I/O connections, such as serial- and parallel-port connectors, arearranged on the system board so that they align with the corresponding openings in the portablecase. It would be highly unlikely that a system board from another portable would match theseopenings. On the maintenance side, a blown parallel-port circuit would require that the entire systemboard be replaced to correct the problem. In a desktop unit, a simple I/O card could be installed in anexpansion slot to overcome such a situation.
Fig 2.11 Notebook System Board
Installing Portable Memory
( Reference )
It is not a common practice for notebook and other portable computer manufacturers to usetraditional SIMM and DIMM modules in their designs. Instead, These types of computers routinelyuse smaller
form-factor memory modules. The key to upgrading or replacing internal RAM in a portable computer can be found in its documentation. Only memorymodules recommended by the portable manufacturer should be installed, and only in theconfigurations suggested.The voltage-level support for the memory devices in portable computers is critical. Using RAMdevices that electrically overload this supply causes memory errors to occur.If the type of RAM device being installed is not one of the recommended types, the notebookmight not be able to recognize the new memory. If the new RAM is being added to expand theexisting banks of memory, the system might not recognize this additional RAM. The problem willshow up in the form of a short memory count during the POST routines. However, if only the newRAM type is installed, the system could present a number of different symptoms, including
Not working at all
Giving beep-coded error messages