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Theorists of Psychology

Theorists of Psychology

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Published by Duval Pearson

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Published by: Duval Pearson on Jun 13, 2012
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THEORISTS OF PSYCHOLOGY
Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (16 August 1832 - 31 August 1920 inGermany) was aGermanphysician, psychologist, physiologist,philosopher, and professor, known today as one of the founding figuresof modern psychology. Wundt was born atNeckarau,Badenon August 16th He is widely regarded as the "father of experimental psychology.In1879, Wundt founded the first formal laboratory for psychologicalresearch at theUniversity of Leipzig. By creating this laboratory he was able to explore the nature of religiousbeliefs, identify mental disorders and abnormal behavior, and finddamaged parts of the brain. In doing so, he was able to establishpsychology as a separate science from other topics. He also formed thefirstjournalfor psychological research in 1881.Edward Bradford Titchener, D.Sc., Ph.D., LL.D., Litt.D. (January 11,1867
 – 
August 3, 1927) was aBritishpsychologistwho studied underWilhelm Wundtfor several years. Titchener is best known forcreating his version of psychology that described the structure of themind;structuralism.He created the largest doctoral program in theUnited States (at the time) after becoming a professor atCornellUniversity,and his first graduate student,Margaret Floy Washburn,  became the first woman to be granted aPhDin psychology (1894)
 
William James (January 11, 1842
 – 
August 26, 1910) was a pioneeringAmericanpsychologistandphilosopherwho were trained as aphysician.  He was the first educator to offer a psychology course in the U.S. Hewrote influential books on the young science of psychology,educationalpsychology,psychology of religiousexperience andmysticism,and on the philosophy of pragmatism.He was the brother of novelistHenry Jamesand of diaristAlice James.In the summer of 1878, James married Alice Gibbens.William James was born at theAstor Housein New York City. He wasthe son of Henry James Sr.,a noted and independently wealthySwedenborg andtheologianwell acquainted with the literary andintellectual elites of his dayCharles Robert Darwin,FRS(12 February 1809
 – 
19 April 1882) was anEnglishnaturalist.
 He established that allspeciesof life have descended over time fromcommon ancestors,and proposedthescientific theorythat thisbranching patternof evolutionresulted from a process that he callednatural selection.
 
John Broadus Watson (January 9, 1878
 – 
September 25, 1958) wasanAmericanpsychologistwho established thepsychological schoolof behaviorism.Watson promoted a change in psychology through his address, Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it, which was
 
given at Columbia University in 1913 and Watson was born inTravelersRest, South Carolina. 

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