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State Department Memorandum 200
Population Control and Food as a Weapon
The study should focus on the international political and economicimplications of population growth rather than its ecological, socio-logical or other aspects.The study would then offer possible courses of action for the UnitedStates in dealing with population matters abroad, particularly indeveloping countries, with special attention to these questions:
What, if any, new initiatives by the United States are neededto focus international attention on the population problem?
Can technological innovations or development reducegrowth or ameliorate its effects?
Could the United States improve its assistance in the populationfield and if so, in what form and through which agencies
bilateral, multilateral, private?
The study should take into account the President’s concern that
population policy is a human concern intimately related to thedignity of the individual and the objective of the United States is towork closely with others, rather than seek to impose our views onothers.The President has directed that the study be accomplished by theNSC Under Secretaries Committee. The Chairman, Under SecretariesCommittee, is requested to forward the study together with the
Committee’s action recommendations no later than May 29,
1974 for consideration by the President.HENRY A. KISSINGERcc: Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff NSSM 200:IMPLICATIONS OF WORLDWIDE POPULATION GROWTHFOR U.S. SECURITY AND OVERSEAS INTERESTSDecember 10, 1974CLASSIFIED BY Harry C. Blaney, IIISUBJECT TO GENERAL DECLASSIFICATION SCHEDULE OFEXECUTIVE ORDER 11652 AUTOMATICALLY DOWN-GRADED AT TWO YEAR INTERVALS AND DECLASSIFIEDON DECEMBER 31, 1980.