and low-income youth attending the weakest traditional public schools in the City, whiletheir Caucasian middle-class counterparts generally attend the best traditional publicschools in the City.
This issue is best illustrated by a tour through New York City Community School District(“CSD”) 3. CSD 3 is located in the west side of Manhattan and includes Central Harlem,Manhattan Valley, the Upper West Side, and Lincoln Center. It encompasses incrediblediversity, both racially and socioeconomically. CSD 3 has 43 traditional public schools.Twelve of those schools (28%) would not meet the proposed FRPL targets.
The ten CSD 3 schools that would be furthest from meeting the proposed FRPL targetshave the following characteristics: (1) their student populations are, on average, 30.8%African American or Hispanic,
(2) their average 2011 New York State Math and ELAAssessment passage rates were 85.7% and 80.6%, respectively,
and (3) they are alllocated in the most affluent areas of CSD 3—below 96
Street, with one exception. Bycontrast, the ten schools that would most exceed the proposed FRPL targets have thefollowing characteristics: (1) their student populations are, on average, 84.5% AfricanAmerican or Hispanic,
(2) their average 2011 New York State Math and ELAAssessment passage rates were 44.4% and 35.9%, respectively,
and (3) all but one arelocated in the least affluent areas of CSD 3—at or above 96
Street. The map belowdisplays this location divide with the district schools that would be furthest from meetingthe proposed FRPL targets in blue and the district schools that would most surpass the proposed FRPL targets in red:
Based on data from the Empirical Analysis of School Enrollment Rates using ProposedMethodology,
http://www.p12.nysed.gov/psc/enrollment-retention-targets.html (lastvisited May 31, 2012).
Based on data from the New York City Department of Education’s School Demographicsand Accountability Snapshot,
http://schools.nyc.gov/NR/rdonlyres/2DC1923F-96D9-443B-943B F5CBC29C47D0/0/CEP6162011FINAL.xlsx(last visited May 31, 2012).
Based on the New York City Department of Education 2010-2011 Progress Reports,
http://schools.nyc.gov/Accountability/tools/report/FindAProgressReport/default.htm(last visited May 31, 2012).