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Conservation of Momentum Lab

# Conservation of Momentum Lab

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01/12/2015

Kalvin FooConservation of Momentum LabPurpose: Prove that within an elastic collision, momentum is preserved.Apparatus:Data:Ball 1Ball 2Mass: 8.3 gramsMass= 8.3 gramsDistance Trial 1= .404 mDistance Trial 1= .227 mDistance Trial 2= .383 mDistance Trial 2= .214 mDistance Trial 3= .395 mDistance Trial 3= .218 mDistance Trial 4= .370 m (average=.388 m)Distance Trial 4= .194 m (average=.21325 m)Distance To Table= .133 m verticalDistance To Table= .133 m verticalDistance from Drop point to ground= .935 mDistance from Drop point to ground= .935 mCalculations:Time in air: x = v
1
t + .5(a)t
2
, .935= 0(t) + .5(9.8)t
2
, t= .4368 secondsVelocity of Ball 1 at the end of ramp= mgh= .5mv
2
, 8.3(9.8)(.133)=.5(8.3)v
2
, v= 1.61m/sMomentum of Ball 1 at end of ramp= mv= .0083 kg (1.61m/s)= .0134 kgm/sVelocity of Ball 1 after collision hitting ground= (delta)s/(delta)t= .388/.4368= .888 m/sMomentum of Ball 1 after collision hitting ground= mv= .888(.0083)= .0073 kgm/sVelocity of Ball 2 after collision hitting ground= (delta)s/(delta)t= .213 /.4368= .488 m/sMomentum of Ball 1 after collision hitting ground= mv= .488(.0083)= .0041 kgm/sMomentum
initial
= Momentum
final
.0134 kgm/s= .0073 kgm/s + .0041 kgm/s.0134 kgm/s= .01143 kgm/s, 16% error Sources of Error: A major flaw of the calculations performed had to deal with the initial velocitycalculation, because kinetic energy may have been displaced due to friction from the ramp, thuschanging the velocity and momentum calculated.