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USADA v Armstrong et al

USADA v Armstrong et al

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Published by auskadi
USADA's show cause letter
USADA's show cause letter

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Published by: auskadi on Jun 13, 2012
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06/14/2012

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.USADA·
-
Preservingthe
integrity
of
mmpetition.
Inspiring
true
sport
Protectingme
rights
of
amletes.
VIAELECTRONICMAILandVIAOVERNIGHTDELIVERY(wherefulladdressisindicated)
June12,2012Mr.JohanBruyneelTeamManagerRadioShackNissanTrekCyclingTeam
1
ruePetemelchenL-2370HowaldLuxembourgandto:bruyncel@radioshacknissantrek.comandjohanbruyneel@johanbruyneel.com Dr.PedroCelayaTeamDoctorRadioShackNissanTrekCyclingTeam
1
ruePetemelchenL-2370HowaldLuxembourgandto:celaya@;radioshacknissantrek.comDr.LuisGarciadelMoralInstitutodeMedicinadelDeporteComplejoDeportivoCulturalPetxinaPaseodelaPetxina
42
46008ValenciaSPAINandto:luisg.moral@imedep.comDr.MicheleFerrariViaPomposa,286FerraraITALY44100Mr.PepeMartic/o
UNIONCYCLISTEINTERNATIONALE
Ch.delaMelee121860AigleSwitzerland
UnitedStatesAnti-DopingAgency
5555TechCenterDrive,Suite200,ColoradoSprings,
CO
80919·9918Tel:719.785.2000Fax:719.785.2001usada@usada.orgIvww.usada.org
 
June12,2012Page2Mr.LanceArmstrong
clo
RobertD.LuskinPattonBoggs,LLP2500MStreet,
NW
Washington,D.C.20037-1350U.S.A.andto:rluskin@,pattonboggs.com
Re:Anti-DopingRulesViolations
DearMr.Bruyneel,Dr.Celaya,Dr.delMoral,Dr.Ferrari,Mr.Marti,andMr.Armstrong:Thisletteristonotifyeachofyou(collectivelyreferredtoasthe"Respondents")thattheUnitedStatesAnti-DopingAgency("USADA")isherebyopeningaformalactionagainsteachofyoubasedonevidencethat,asdescribedbelow,youengagedinanti-dopingruleviolationsundertheUnionCyclisteInternational("UCI")Anti-DopingRulesfrom1998topresent("UCIADR"),WorldAnti-DopingCodefrominceptiontopresent(the"Code")andUSADAProtocolforOlympicandParalympicMovementTestingfrominceptiontopresent(the"USADAProtocol")(collectively,the"ApplicableRules").'ThisnoticeletterdescribesaportionoftheevidencegatheredbyUSADAinitsinvestigationofpotentialdopingontheUnitedStatesPostalService(USPS)(1996-2004),DiscoveryChannel(2005-2007),Astana(2009)andRadioShack(2010)cyclingteams.Thewitnessestotheconductdescribedinthisletterincludemorethanten(10)cyclistsaswellascyclingteamemployees.AnimportantaspectofUSADA'sinvestigationhasbeenfacetofacemeetingsbetweenUSADArepresentativesandridersontheabovereferencedcyclingteams.USADAsoughttogivetheridersanopportunitytobeapartofthesolutioninmovingcyclingforwardbybeingtruthfulandhonestregardingtheirpastexperienceswithdopingincycling.WiththeexceptionofMr.Armstrong,everyotherU.S.ridercontactedbyUSADAregardingdopingincyclingagreedtomeetwithUSADAandtotruthfullyandfullydescribetheirinvolvementindopingandalldopingbyothersofwhichtheywereaware.Mr.ArmstrongwaslikewisecontactedthroughhislegalcounselandgiventheopportunitytomeetwithUSADAtofullyandtruthfullydiscloseallknowledgeofanti-dopingrule
!
CopiesoftheApplicableRulesareprovidedasAttachmentsA(versionsofUCIADR),B(versionsoftheWorldAnti-DopingCode),andC(thecurrentversionoftheUSADAProtocol).
 
June12,2012Page3violationscommittedinthesportofcycling.However,Mr.ArmstrongdeclinedUSADA'soffer.Informationsetforthhereinalsocomesfromanumberofothereyewitnessestotheconductdescribed.IneveryinstancetheconductdescribedinthisletterhasonlybeenrelieduponbyUSADAanddescribedinthisletterifthewitnesshasconfirmedtoUSADAthattheinformationisbasedonhisorherfirsthandknowledge.ProhibitedSubstancesandMethodsTheevidenceinthepossessionofUSADAandrelevanttoviolationsoftheApplicableRules,bytheRespondentsreflectsapervasivepatternofdopinginvolvingthefollowingprohibitedsubstancesandmethods:1.Erythropoietin(EPO),alsoknownas"E,""Po,""Edgar"or"EdgarAllenPoe,"amongothernames.EPOisusedbyathletestoincreasethenumberofredbloodcellsintheircirculatorysystemwhichareavailabletocarryoxygen.EPOuseisprohibitedundertheApplicableRules.EvenaftertheEPOurinetestwasdevelopedandimplementedinsportinlate2000EPOwasdifficulttodetectandtheRespondentsimplementedanumberofmeanstoavoiddetectionofEPOuse,including:micro-dosing(i.e.,usingsmalleramountsofEPOtoreducetheclearancetimeofthedrug),intravenousinjections(i.e.,injectingthedrugdirectlyintotheveinratherthansubcutaneouslytoreduceclearancetime),saline,plasmaorglycerolinfusions(describedbelow)andvariouseffortstoavoidtestingbydrugtestersattimesthatEPOmightstillbedetectableintheriders'urine.MultipleriderswhocompetedontheUSPSandDiscoveryChannelteamsfrom1998through2007havereportedtoUSADAthatTeamDirectorJohanBruyneel,TeamTrainerJosePepeMartiandco-conspirator,Dr.MicheleFerrari,aconsultanttotheUSPSandDiscoveryChannelteamsandtheirriders,developedtrainingplansdependentuponEPOuseandinstructedriderstousethedrug.USADAhasreceivedeyewitnessstatementsthatEPOinjectionswereadministeredbyDr.LuisGarciadelMoral,Dr.PedroCelayaandDr.Ferrari.Multipleriderswithfirsthandknowledgewilltestifythatbetween1998and2005ArmstrongpersonallyusedEPOandonmultipleoccasionsdistributedEPOtootherriders.2.Bloodtransfusions(a/kIa"blooddoping").Bloodtransfusionsgenerallyinvolvetheextractionofanathlete'sownbloodpre-competitionandre-infusionofthatbloodshortlybeforeorduringcompetition(e.g.,intheeveningoronarestdayinamulti-stagerace)toincreasetheathlete'soxygencarryingredbloodcells.Byincreasingthenumberofcirculatingredbloodcellstransfusionsincreasetheoxygencarryingcapacityofthebloodandenhanceenduranceandrecovery.Noeffectiveanti-dopingtesthasyetbeenimplementedtodetectautologoustransfusions(i.e.,

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