Information Briefing <<<Search google images “73 easting”
“...My confidence in you is total. Our cause is just! Now you must be the thunder and lightning of Desert Storm. May God be with you, your loved ones at home, and our Country." These were thewords of General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, USA Commander-in-Chief U.S. Central Command, in amessage to the command, 16 January 1991
Greeting. [Begin Slides] PURPOSE
“Good morning, [
] and Candidates. I’m Candidate Aipa, and today I will present anunclassified information briefing with the purpose of educating you, OCS Class 002-09, on one of the most decisive tank battles in recent U.S. military history, the Battle of 73 Easting.”
Key points I will address will be:- the events leading up to the Battle- How and why the US succeeded and the significance of the victory- Lessons learned from research on this topic (overwhelming amount of information available formofficial research and documentation, to general media accounts, to scholarly works. Reading andassimilating the various accounts of this battle).
An incredibly helpful resource, the Combined Arms Research Library contains hundreds of publications including the most recent FMs (downloadable in PDF), magazines, journals, historicaldocuments and treatises on subjects in military history, even obsolete manuals and much more all for free.
In August of 1990, on the heels of Saddam Hussein's invasion of Kuwait, 34 nations mustered under the auspices of President George H.W. Bush's Operation Desert Shield. A total of 956,600 personnelrepresenting this Coalition stood ready as the deadline set by the United Nations Security Council for Hussein to withdraw his forces from Kuwait (15 January 1991) came and went. On 17 January 1991,Operation Desert Storm commenced with a massive air campaign.In spite of the damage that 6 weeks of intensive Coalition air assaults had inflicted upon Iraqi forces,Saddam Hussein still had not ordered his army out of Kuwait. On 24 February, the ground war between Iraqi and Coalition forces officially began with a surprise attack by mainly US and Britishforces along a 350 mile front extending from the north at Tawr al-Hammar south to the Iraq-SaudiArabian border. A “left-hook” attack was executed by the U.S. XVIII Airborne Corps, the 3rd ArmoredCavalry Regiment and the 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized). Once these units had moved deep intoIraqi territory, VII Corps launched a flank attack against the Republican Guard's Tawakalna Division,which had been emplaced in order to cover the retreat of other Iraqi elements. This flanking maneuver occurred in a sector of the Southeastern Iraqi desert known as 73 Easting. There are several other interrelated battles on or around 26 February that also contributed to the complete destruction of theTawakalna Division such as the Battle of Phase Line Bullet, and the Battle of Al Busayyah. Also thereare also detailed accounts of the actions involving Iron, Ghost and Killer units of the 2nd ACR but for the purposes of this briefing, I will focus on the actions of Eagle Troop and its Commanding captain,now-Brigadier General HR McMaster.