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Table Of Contents

Vehicle layouts and some simple vehicle structures
Light vehicles
Vehicle structure
Passenger protection
Vehicle shape
End-of-Life Vehicles Directive
Layout of engine and driveline
Self-assessment questions
Engine principles
Engine details
The four-stroke Otto cycle
The two-stroke cycle
Two-stroke engine with valves
Rotary engines
The Atkinson engine cycle
The main moving parts of an engine
Valves
Cam and follower
Valve springs
Valve operating mechanisms
The camshaft drive
Pistons
The crankshaft and flywheel assembly
The connecting rod
Multi-cylinder engines
Cylinder arrangements
Engine structure e the main fixed parts
Firing orders and engine balance
Firing orders
Crankshaft layout
Vibrations and engine balance
Crankshaft, camshaft, and valve operating mechanisms
Crankshaft
Camshaft
A petrol fuel system
The fuel tank
Pump details
Fuel return
Mechanical fuel pump
Pipes
Filters
Carbon canister
Inertia switch
Working with petrol
Maintenance and repair
Motor fuels
Fuels
Factors affecting exhaust emissions
Emissions and their causes
Methods of controlling exhaust emissions
Carburettors
The simple carburettor
Rich or weak mixture
Keeping the mixture strength constant
Constant-choke carburettor
Cold starts, idling, progression, and acceleration
Constant-vacuum carburettor
Petrol injection e introduction
Petrol injection systems
Types of petrol injection system
Single-point injection
Multi-point injection
Direct petrol injection
Air supply and exhaust systems
Engine air supply systems (carburettor)
Fuel-injected engine air intake system
Variable-length induction tract
Turbocharging
Practical assignment e air supply and exhaust systems
Lubricants and engine lubrication
Lubricants
Boundary lubrication
Hydrodynamic lubrication
Sources of oil
Types of oil
Handling oil and disposal of waste
Lubrication system
Cooling systems
Overheating
Heat transfer
Over-cooling
Types of cooling systems
Engine air-cooling system
Liquid cooling
Comparison of air- and water-cooled systems
Radiator and heater matrix
Water pump
Engine core plugs
Servicing and maintaining the cooling system
Heating and ventilation
Interior heating and air-conditioning
Heat losses
Practical assignment e cooling systems
Practical assignment e liquid cooling systems
Internal combustion engines
Engine power
Dynamometers for high-speed engines
The compression ignition engine e diesel engine
The four-stroke compression ignition engine (CIE)
The Diesel cycle and the dual combustion cycle
The four-stroke compression ignition engine
The Diesel cycle and the dual combustion cycle
The two-stroke CIE
Diesel engine construction
Turbulence
Combustion in a compression ignition engine
Diesel fuel and products of combustion
Emissions limits
Emissions control on the CIE
Diesel fuel systems
Common rail diesel fuel system
Engine fault diagnosis
Engine faults
Mechanical condition
Summary
The clutch
Operating mechanisms
Matching the engine to the road-going needs of the vehicle
Transmitting the power to the driving wheels
Propeller shafts and drive shafts
Constant-velocity universal joints
Axles and axle casings
Final drive
Differential
Rear hub bearing and axle shaft arrangements
Types of bearings used in the transmission system
Practical assignment e removing a clutch
Practical assignment e removing and refitting a gearbox
Practical assignment e axles and final drives
Electronically controlled automatic transmission
Fluid couplings
Automatic gearbox
Maintenance and fault tracing
Suspension systems
Unsprung mass
Non-independent suspension systems
Independent suspension
Suspension dampers
Maintenance checks
Practical assignment e suspension system
Braking systems
Vehicle braking systems
Types of brakes
Hydraulic operation of brakes
Wheel cylinders
The handbrake
Split braking systems
The tandem master cylinder
The brake fluid reservoir
Brake pipes and hoses
The brake servo
Brake adjustment
Wear indicators
Stop lamp switch
Brake pressure control valve
Brake fluid
Braking efficiency
Anti-lock braking system (ABS)
Bleeding the brakes
Practical assignment
Steering, wheels, and tyres
Light vehicle steering layouts
Steering geometry
Ackermann principle
Centre-point steering
Steering roll radius
Castor
Wheel alignment
Steering gearboxes
Front-hub assemblies
Light vehicle wheels
Types of car wheels
Wire wheels
Wheel nut torque
Tyres
Wheel and tyre balance
Tyre maintenance
Practical assignment e steering worksheet
Power-assisted steering
Hydraulic power-assisted steering
ECU-controlled power- assisted steering
Electric power-assisted steering
Four-wheel steering
Diagnostics
Computer (ECU)-controlled systems
The fundamental parts of a computer
A practical automotive computer system
Engine management systems
Traction control
Electric throttle
Stability control
Electrical and electronic principles
Electric current
Electromotive force
Effects of electric current e using electricity
Measuring current and voltage
Electricity and magnetism
Alternating current
Electronic principles
Vehicle electrical systems
Vehicle batteries
The alternator
The starter motor
Ignition systems
Ignition systems for spark ignition engines
Fault tracing, maintenance, and repair of ignition systems
Some practical applications, i.e. doing the job
Electrical systems and circuits
Central door-locking systems
Screen wipers
Screen washers
Rear screen washer
Lighting
Circuits and circuit principles
Instrumentation
Supplementary restraint systems (SRS)
Electrical and electronic fault diagnosis
Diagnostics on ECU- controlled systems
On-board diagnostics (OBD)
Fault tracing in electrical circuits
Nuts, bolts, and spanners
Dimensions of nuts, bolts, and spanners
Screw threads
Studs
Lock nuts and other securing devices
Taps and dies
Drilling and tapping sizes
Removing broken studs
Thread restoration
Screws
Bolt, stud, and screw strength
Tightening torques
Measuring instruments
Pressure gauges
Belt tension gauge
Cathode ray oscilloscope
Digital multimeter
Motor industry organizations and career paths
Qualifications
Modern motor vehicle qualifications
Career prospects
Motor industry organizations
Appendix A
Appendix B
List of acronyms
Index
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A Practical Approach to Motor Vehicle Engineering and Maintenance

A Practical Approach to Motor Vehicle Engineering and Maintenance

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Published by cadam26

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Published by: cadam26 on Jun 14, 2012
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