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Switching Techniques

Switching Techniques

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Published by Alok Rajput
for networ use
for networ use

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Published by: Alok Rajput on Jun 14, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/14/2012

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Switching Techniques
In large networks there might be multiple paths linking senderand receiver. Information may be switched as it travels throughvarious communication channels. There are three typicalswitching techniques available for digital traffic.
Circuit Switching
Message Switching
Packet Switching
 
Circuit Switching
Circuit switching
is a technique that directly connects thesender and the receiver in an unbroken path.
Telephone switching equipment, for example, establishes apath that connects the caller's telephone to the receiver'stelephone by making a physical connection.
With this type of switching technique, once a connection isestablished, a dedicated path exists between both ends untilthe connection is terminated.
Routing decisions must be made when the circuit is firstestablished, but there are no decisions made after that time.
 
Circuit Switching
Circuit switching
 
in a network operates almost the sameway as the telephone system works.
A complete end-to-end path must exist before communicationcan take place.
The computer initiating the data transfer must ask for aconnection to the destination.
Once the connection has been initiated and completed to thedestination device, the destination device must acknowledgethat it is ready and willing to carry on a transfer.

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