Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .

TERMS FOR GROUPS OF ORGANISMS
Quick Quiz—Groups
TERMS FOR THE RELATIONSHIPS OF TAXA
Quick Quiz—Relationships
TERMS FOR CLASSIFICATIONS
Quick Quiz—Classiﬁcation
PROCESS TERMS
TERMS FOR THE ATTRIBUTES OF SPECIMENS
CHAPTER NOTES AND REFERENCES
Quick Quiz—Characters
Quick Quiz—Basic Rules of Analysis
SAMPLE ANALYSES
EXERCISES
CHARACTER ARGUMENTATION AND CODING
OUTGROUP COMPARISON
POLARITY DECISIONS
RULES OF THUMB
OTHER SITUATIONS
Quick Quiz—Outgroups and Polarities
POLARITY EXERCISES
CHARACTER CODING
CODING EXERCISES
HENNIG ARGUMENTATION
Hennig Exercises
THE WAGNER ALGORITHM
Wagner Deﬁnitions
The Algorithm
Wagner Tree Exercises
OPTIMAL TREES AND PARSIMONY CRITERIA
OPTIMIZING TREES
ACCTRAN
ACCTRAN Exercises
Discussion
Finding MPR Sets
DELTRAN
DELTRAN Exercises
CURRENT TECHNOLOGY
SUMMARY TREE MEASURES
Tree Length
Consistency Indices
Ensemble Consistency Indices
The F-Ratio
Tree Summaries Exercises
CONSENSUS TECHNIQUES
Strict Consensus Trees
Majority Consensus Trees
EVALUATION OF EXISTING CLASSIFICATIONS
Logical Consistency
Determining the Number of Derivative Classiﬁcations
Classiﬁcation Evaluation Exercises
Conventions
Quick Quiz—Taxonomy vs. Systematics
Convention Exercises
CODING PHYLOGENETIC TREES
Quick Quiz—Biogeography
Single Tree Exercises
More Than One Group
Missing Taxa
THE ANALOGY BETWEEN PHYLOGENETICS AND HISTORICAL BIOGEOGRAPHY
LITERATURE CITED
CHAPTER 2
CHAPTER 3
CHAPTER 4
CHAPTER 6
CHAPTER 7
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1

Ratings: (0)|Views: 11 |Likes:

### Availability:

See more
See less

06/16/2013

pdf

text

original

Pages 4 to 25 are not shown in this preview.