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Ryan Cleary Indictment

Ryan Cleary Indictment

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Published by bkatzoom

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Published by: bkatzoom on Jun 14, 2012
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06/14/2012

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a.Botnet:A"botnet"isacollectionofcompromised
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FILED
12JUri12PI'i4:05
CLKU,S.DISTRiCTCOURT
CNTRAL
DiST,
OFCj\lIF.
LOSANGELES
UNITEDSTATESDISTRICTCOURT
8
FORTHECENTRALDISTRICTOFCALIFORNIA
9
February2012GrandJuryCRNo.12-
CR12
1011
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----------------------------)
[18U.S.C.
§
371:Conspiracy;18U.S.C.
§§
1030(a)(5)(A),
(c)
(4)(B)
(i),
(c)
(4)(A)
(i)
(I):
UnauthorizedImpairmentofaProtectedComputer]21
1.
ThefollowingdefinitionsapplytothisIndictment:23computers,knownas"bots,"thatautonomouslyrespondtoandUNITEDSTATESOFAMERICA,12Plaintiff,13
v.
24executecommandsissuedbythebotnet'sowner,oftenfor14RYANCLEARY,25nefariouspurposes.Computersbecomepartofabotnetbybeing15Defendant.26infectedwithmalicioussoftware,knownas"malware,"whichmay
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171819TheGrandJurycharges:20INTRODUCTORYALLEGATIONS
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27installitselfonauser'scomputerwithouttheuser'sknowledge,28oftenbytakingadvantageofwebbrowservulnerabilitiesorby
 
(_
1trickingtheuserintorunningaTrojanhorseprogram.Oncethe2computerisinfectedandbecomesabotinthebotnet,themalware3canlistenfor,respondto,andexecutecommandsissuedbythe4botnet'sowner,forexample,tomakeconnectionstoaparticular5serveraspart.ofadistributeddenialofservice,or"DDciS,"6attack.7b.DDoSattack:A"DDoSattack"isatypeof8maliciouscomputeractivitythatattemptstorenderacomputer9resourceunavailabletoitsintendedusersbyfloodingitwith10largeamountsofdataorcommands.Asaresult,thevictim11computerisunabletohandlelegitimatenetworktraffic,and12legitimateusersaredeniedtheservicesofthecomputer13resource.Onecommonmethodofattackinvolvessaturatingthe14targetcomputerwithexternalcommunicationsrequests,suchthat15itcannotrespondtolegitimatetrafficorrespondssoslowlyas16toberenderedeffectivelyunavailable.Forexample,aDDoS17attackagainstawebsiteservermightfloodtheserverwithso18manywebpagerequeststhattheservercannolongerrespondto19legitimatetraffic.Dependingonthetypeandstrengthofthe20DDoSattack,thevictimcomputer'anditsnetworkmaybecome21completelydisabledandunabletoperformtheirintended22functionswithoutsignificantrepair.ADDoSattackis23"distributed
i,
innatureifthefloodofdataand/orcommandssent24tothetargetmachineoriginatesfromalargenumberof25computers,forexample,whentheownerofabotnetdirectsallof26thebotsinthebotnettosendrequeststothesameserveratthe27sametime.
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a.DreamHost("DreamHostll)tasubsidiaryofNewDream2.AtalltimesrelevanttothisIndictment:3NetworktLLC,wasadataandserverhostingcompanylocated4withintheCentralDistrictofCalifornia.thatprovidedsharedt5dedicated,andvirtualprivateserverhostingservicesto6numerousindividualsandbusinesses.DreamHostleasedserver7'spaceandcomputingresourcesforusebyitsclientstaswellas8providedInternetconnectivitYttypicallyinadatacenter.9DreamHostmaintainedcomputersystems,includingitsownand10thoseusedtoprovidehostingservices,inLosAngeles,11California.12
b..
"Anonymousllwasacollectiveofcomputerhackers13andotherindividualslocatedthroughouttheworldtincludingthe'14Unitedstates,thatconductedcyberattacksagainstindividuals15andentitiesthatwereperceive<='l:obehostiletoAnonymousand16itsmembers'interests.Theseattacksincluded,amongother17things,thetheftandlaterdisseminationofconfidential18informationfromvictims'computersystems.
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"LulzSecurity,lIorsimply"LulzSec,1Iwasagroupc.20ofcomputershackersaffiliatedwithAnonymous.LulzSec21conductedcyberattacksagainstthecomputersystemsofvarious22corporateandgovernmententitiesintheUnitedstatesand23throughouttheworld.
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d.DefendantRYANCLEARY("defendantCLEARY
II),
a25residentandcitizenoftheUnitedKingdom,wasamemberofand26affiliatedwithvarioushackinggroups,includingAnonymousand27LulzSec.
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