A A A A
A A X
[A] [X] -
[X] = 0[A] [X] =
[X]In the above equation, ‘
’ is the eigenvalue and [X] is the eigenvector corresponding to
. As you can see that if we know ‘
’ for the above example, we can calculate thenatural frequency of the vibration
Why are they important? Because you do not want to have a forcing force on the spring-mass system close to this frequency as it would make the amplitude A
very large andmake the system unstable.
What is the general definition of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a square matrix?
If [A] is a nxn matrix, then [X]
is an eigenvector of [A] if [A][X] =
is a scalar and [X]
0. The scalar
is called the eigenvalue of [A] and [X] iscalled the eigenvector corresponding to the eigenvalue
How do I find eigenvalues of a square matrix?
To find the eigenvalues of a nxn matrix [A], we have[A][X] =
[X] = 0[A][X] -
[I][X] = 0([A] -
[I])[X] = 0 Now for the above set of equations to have a nonzero solution,